UNESCO World Heritage List

UNESCO World Heritage List


A UNESCO World Heritage Site is a geographic site that has been selected for the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization's International World Heritage program. The program aims to catalogue and preserve sites of outstanding importance, either cultural or natural, to the common heritage of humankind. While the World Heritage Committee maintains a list of World Heritage Sites, they make no independent review; in practice, they are listed by each national government. After the 2017 session of the World Heritage Committee, there is a total of 1,073 sites. With around 400 sites on the second smallest continent, Europe has by far the highest density of world heritage sites. Only a little over 200 sites are in the Americas and Oceania combined.

There are several related UNESCO programs:

If you would like to help expanding Wikivoyage's coverage of world heritage sites, like starting new guides etc., please check the Wikivoyage:World Heritage Expedition



M'Zab Valley, Algeria Djémila, Algeria

Official nameLocationCriteriaYearNotes
Al Qal'a of Beni HammadSaharan AtlasCultural1980
Kasbah of AlgiersAlgiersCultural1992
M'zab ValleyM'zabCultural1982
Tassili n'AjjerSaharan AlgeriaMixed1982


Official nameLocationCriteriaYearNotes
Mbanza Kongo, Vestiges of the Capital of the former Kingdom of Kongo}Northern AngolaCultural2017


Official nameLocationCriteriaYearNotes
Royal Palaces of AbomeyAbomeyCultural1985
W-Arly-Pendjari ComplexNatural1996Extending the original 1996 property in 2017 to Burkina Faso an Benin


Tsodilo, Botswana

Official nameLocationCriteriaYearNotes
TsodiloOkavango DeltaCultural2001
Okavango DeltaOkavango DeltaNatural2014

Burkina Faso

Official nameLocationCriteriaYearNotes
The Ruins of LoropéniGaouaCultural2009
Ancient ferrous metallurgy sites of Burkina FasoBlack Volta Region, North Burkina FasoCultural20195 components
W-Arly-Pendjari ComplexNatural1996Extending the original 1996 property in 2017 to Burkina Faso an Benin


Official nameLocationCriteriaYearNotes
Dja Faunal ReserveSouth Cameroon PlateauNatural1987
Sangha TrinationalSouth Cameroon PlateauNatural2012Shared with Central African Republic and Rep. Congo

Cape Verde

Cidade Velha

Official nameLocationCriteriaYearNotes
Cidade Velha, Historic Centre of Ribeira GrandeCidade VelhaCultural2009

Central African Republic

Official nameLocationCriteriaYearNotes
Manovo-Gounda St. Floris National ParkNortheast Central African RepublicNatural1988Listed as in danger since 1997
Sangha TrinationalSouthwest Central African RepublicNatural2012Shared with Cameroon and Rep. Congo


Official nameLocationCriteriaYearNotes
Ennedi Massif: Natural and Cultural LandscapeSaharan ChadMixed2016
Lakes of OuniangaSaharan ChadNatural2012

Congo, Republic of the

Official nameLocationCriteriaYearNotes
Sangha TrinationalSangha and LikoualaNatural2012Shared with Central African Republic and Cameroon

Côte d'Ivoire

Historic town of Grand-Bassam, Côte d'Ivoire

Official nameLocationCriteriaYearNotes
Comoe National ParkNorthern SavannaNatural1983Listed as in danger since 2003
Mount Nimba Strict Nature ReserveSouthwestern ForestsNatural1981Listed as in danger since 1992; shared with Guinea
Taï National ParkSouthwestern ForestsNatural1982
Historic town of Grand-BassamGrand-BassamCultural2012
Sudanese style mosques in northern Côte d’IvoireNorthern SavannaCultural20218 components

Democratic Republic of the Congo

Virunga National Park, DR Congo

Official nameLocationCriteriaYearNotes
Virunga National ParkKivuNatural1979Listed as in danger since 1994
Kahuzi-Biega National ParkKivuNatural1980Listed as in danger since 1997
Garamba National ParkCongo BasinNatural1980Listed as in danger in 1980, removed 1991. Relisted as in danger in 1996
Salonga National ParkCongo BasinNatural1984Listed as in danger since 1999
Okapi Wildlife ReserveCongo BasinNatural1996Listed as in danger since 1997


Nubian Monuments from Abu Simbel to Philae, Egypt

Official nameLocationCriteriaYearNotes
Abu MenaAlexandriaCultural1979Listed as in danger since 2001
Ancient Thebes with its NecropolisLuxorCultural1979
Historic CairoCairoCultural1979
Memphis and its Necropolis – the Pyramid Fields from Giza to DahshurMemphis, Cairo/Giza, DahshurCultural1979
Nubian Monuments from Abu Simbel to PhilaeAbu Simbel, PhilaeCultural1979
Saint Catherine AreaSaint CatherineCultural2002
Wadi Al-Hitan (Whale Valley)Whale ValleyNatural2005


Official nameLocationCriteriaYearNotes
Asmara: a Modernist City of AfricaAsmaraCultural2017


Aksum, Ethiopia

Official nameLocationCriteriaYearNotes
Rock-Hewn Churches of LalibelaLalibelaCultural1979
Simien National ParkAmharaNatural1978Listed as in danger since 1996
Fasil GhebbiGondarCultural1979
Lower Valley of the AwashAwash National ParkCultural1980
Lower Valley of the OmoOmo National ParkCultural1980
Harar Jugol Fortified Historic TownHararCultural2006
Konso Cultural LandscapeKonsoCultural2011


Lopé National Park

Official nameLocationCriteriaYearNotes
Ecosystem and Relict Cultural Landscape of Lopé-OkandaLopé National ParkMixed2007
Ivindo National ParkJungle InteriorCultural2021


Official nameLocationCriteriaYearNotes
Stone Circles of SenegambiaJanjanburehCultural2006Shared with Senegal
Kunta Kinteh Island and Related SitesWestern GambiaCultural2003


Elmina Castle, Ghana

Official nameLocationCriteriaYearNotes
Forts and Castles, Volta, Greater Accra, Central and Western RegionsGhanaian Coastal PlainCultural1979
Asante Traditional BuildingsKumasiCultural1980


Chimpanzee in Mount Nimba Strict Nature Reserve

Official nameLocationCriteriaYearNotes
Mount Nimba Strict Nature ReserveGuinee ForestiereNatural1981Listed as in danger since 1992; shared with Côte d'Ivoire


Lamu Old Town

Official nameLocationCriteriaYearNotes
Lake Turkana National ParksSibiloi National ParkNatural1997
Mount Kenya-Lewa Wildlife conservancyMount KenyaNatural1997extended in 2013
Lamu Old TownLamuCultural2001
Sacred Mijikenda Kaya ForestsCoastal KenyaCultural2008
Fort JesusMombasaCultural2011
Kenya Lake System in the Great Rift ValleyNorthern Rift Valley and Southern Rift ValleyNatural2011
Thimlich Ohinga Archaeological SiteWestern KenyaCultural2018


Official nameLocationCriteriaYearNotes
Maloti Drakensberg Tranboundary World Heritage SiteSehlabathebe National ParkMixed2000extended in 2013, shared with South Africa


Theater at Leptis Magna

Official nameLocationCriteriaYearNotes
Archaeological Site of Leptis MagnaLeptis MagnaCultural1982
Archaeological Site of CyreneCyreneCultural1982
Archaeological Site of SabrathaSabrathaCultural1982
Rock-Art Sites of Tadrart AcacusFezzanCultural1985
Old Town of GhadamèsGhadamisCultural1986


Tsingy de Bemaraha

Official nameLocationCriteriaYearNotes
Royal Hill of AmbohimangaAntananarivo ProvinceCultural2001
Tsingy de Bemaraha ReserveMahajanga ProvinceNatural1990
Rainforests of the Atsinananasix national parks on the east coast of MadagascarNatural2007Listed as in danger since 2010


Official nameLocationCriteriaYearNotes
Chongoni Rock Art AreaCentral MalawiCultural2006
Lake Malawi National ParkSouthern MalawiNatural1984


Old Towns of Djenné, Mali

Official nameLocationCriteriaYearNotes
TimbuktuTimbuktuCultural1988Severely damaged by Islamic extremists during conflict in 2012.
Old Towns of DjennéDjennéCultural1988
Tomb of AskiaGaoCultural2004Severely damaged by Islamic extremists during conflict in 2012.
Cliff of Bandiagara (Land of the Dogons)BandiagaraMixed1989


Banc d'Arguin National Park

Official nameLocationCriteriaYearNotes
Banc d'Arguin National ParkNouadhibouNatural1989
Ancient Ksour of Ouadane, Chinguetti, Tichit and OualataOuadane, Chinguetti, Tichit, OualataCultural1996


Aapravasi Ghat in Port Louis

Official nameLocationCriteriaYearNotes
Aapravasi Ghat in Port LouisPort LouisCultural2006
Le Morne Cultural LandscapeLe MorneCultural2008


Tanneries in the Medina of Fez Medina of Tetouan

Official nameLocationCriteriaYearNotes
Medina of FezFezCultural1981
Medina of MarrakechMarrakechCultural1985
Ksar of Ait-Ben-HaddouAït-BenhaddouCultural1987
Historic City of MeknesMeknesCultural1996
Archaeological Site of VolubilisMeknesCultural1997
Medina of Tétouan (formerly known as Titawin)TetouanCultural1997
Medina of Essaouira (formerly Mogador)EssaouiraCultural2001
Portuguese City of Mazagan (El Jadida)El JadidaCultural2004
Rabat, Modern Capital and Historic City: a Shared HeritageRabatCultural2012


Official nameLocationCriteriaYearNotes
Island of MozambiqueIlha de MozambiqueCultural1991


The Namib desert, aka the Namib Sand Sea

Official nameLocationCriteriaYearNotes
Twyfelfontein or /Ui-//aesKuneneCultural2007
Namib Sand SeaHardapNatural2013


Antelope in W National Park

Official nameLocationCriteriaYearNotes
Air and Ténéré Natural ReserveNorthern NigerNatural1991Listed as in danger since 1992
W-Arly-Pendjari ComplexSouthwestern NigerNatural1996Extending the original 1996 property in 2017 to Burkina Faso an Benin
Historic Centre of AgadezNorthern NigerCultural2013


Official nameLocationCriteriaYearNotes
Sukur Cultural LandscapeSukurCultural1999
Osun-Osogbo Sacred GroveOsogboCultural2005


Plaine des Sables in Reunion National Park

Official nameLocationCriteriaYearNotes
Pitons, Cirques and Remparts of Reunion IslandReunionNatural2010Categorised as part of France

Saint Helena, Ascension and Tristan da Cunha

Official nameLocationCriteriaYearNotes
Gough and Inaccessible IslandsTristan da CunhaNatural1995Categorised as part of the United Kingdom


Saloum Delta, Senegal

Official nameLocationCriteriaYearNotes
Island of GoréeDakarCultural1978
Niokolo-Koba National ParkTambacounda RegionNatural1981Listed as in danger since 2007
Djoudj National Bird SanctuaryNorthern SenegalNatural1981
Island of Saint-LouisSaint-LouisCultural2000
Stone Circles of SenegambiaKaolackCultural2006Shared with Gambia
Saloum DeltaPalmarinCultural2011
Bassari Country: Bassari, Fula and Bedik Cultural LandscapesTambacounda RegionCultural2012


The Aldabra Atoll

Official nameLocationCriteriaYearNotes
Aldabra AtollOuter SeychellesNatural1982
Vallée de Mai Nature ReservePraslinNatural1983

South Africa

Cradle of Humankind Robben Island

Official nameLocationCriteriaYearNotes
Fossil Hominid Sites of Sterkfontein, Swartkrans, Kromdraai, and EnvironsCradle of HumankindCultural1999
iSimangaliso Wetland ParkElephant CoastNatural1999
Robben IslandRobben IslandCultural1999
Maloti Drakensberg Transboundary World Heritage SiteUkhahlamba DrakensbergMixed2000extended in 2013, shared with Lesotho
Mapungubwe Cultural LandscapeLimpopoCultural2003
Cape Floral Region Protected AreasOverbergNatural2004
Vredefort DomeVredefortNatural2005
Richtersveld Cultural and Botanical LandscapeAi-Ais Richtersveld Transfrontier ParkCultural2007
ǂKhomani Cultural LandscapeKgalagadi Transfrontier ParkCultural2017
Barberton Makhonjwa MountainsMpumalangaNatural2018


Official nameLocationCriteriaYearNotes
Gebel Barkal and the Sites of the Napatan RegionMeroweCultural2003
Archaeological Sites of the Island of MeroeMeroëCultural2011
Sanganeb Marine National Park and Dungonab Bay – Mukkawar Island Marine National ParkNorthern SudanNatural2016


Selous Game Reserve, Tanzania Uhuru Peak of Mount Kilimanjaro

Official nameLocationCriteriaYearNotes
Ngorongoro Conservation AreaNorthwest TanzaniaMixed1979
Ruins of Kilwa Kisiwani and Ruins of Songo MnaraKilwaCultural1981Listed as in danger since 2004
Serengeti National ParkNortheast TanzaniaNatural1981
Selous Game ReserveTanzaniaNatural1982
Kilimanjaro National ParkMount KilimanjaroNatural1987
Stone Town of ZanzibarStone TownCultural2000
Kondoa Rock-Art SitesKondoaCultural2006


Official nameLocationCriteriaYearNotes
Koutammakou, the Land of the BatammaribaKaraCultural2004


Kairouan, Tunisia The Medina of Sousse

Official nameLocationCriteriaYearNotes
Amphitheatre of El JemEl JemCultural1979
Archaeological Site of CarthageCarthageCultural1979
Medina of TunisTunisCultural1979
Ichkeul National ParkBizerteNatural1980
Punic Town of Kerkuane and its NecropolisKerkouaneCultural1985
Medina of SousseSousseCultural1988
Dougga / ThuggaDouggaCultural1997


Official nameLocationCriteriaYearNotes
Bwindi Impenetrable National ParkWestern UgandaNatural1994
Rwenzori Mountains National ParkWestern UgandaNatural1994
Tombs of Buganda Kings at KasubiKampalaCultural2001Listed as in danger since 2010


Mosi-oa-Tunya / Victoria Falls, Zambia

Official nameLocationCriteriaYearNotes
Mosi-oa-Tunya / Victoria FallsLivingstoneNatural1989Shared with Zimbabwe


Official nameLocationCriteriaYearNotes
Mana Pools National Park, Sapi and Chewore Safari AreasLake Kariba-Lower ZambeziNatural1984
Great Zimbabwe National MonumentGreat ZimbabweCultural1989
Khami Ruins National MonumentBulawayoCultural1986
Mosi-oa-Tunya / Victoria FallsVictoria FallsNatural1989Shared with Zambia
Matobo HillsMatobo National ParkCultural2003


French Southern and Antarctic Lands

Official nameLocationCriteriaYearNotes
French Austral Lands and SeasFrench Southern and Antarctic LandsNatural2019Categorized as part of France

See § Australia for Heard and McDonald Islands and § Saint Helena, Ascension and Tristan da Cunha for the Gough and Inaccessible Islands.



Cultural Landscape and Archaeological Remains of Bamiyan Valley, Afghanistan

Official nameLocationCriteriaYearNotes
Minaret and Archaeological Remains of JamJamCultural2002Listed as in danger since inscription
Cultural Landscape and Archaeological Remains of the Bamiyan ValleyBamiyanCultural2003Listed as in danger since inscription


Bahrain Pearling Trail, Muharraq

Official nameLocationCriteriaYearNotes
Qal’at al-Bahrain – Ancient Harbour and Capital of DilmunManamaCultural2005
Pearling, Testimony of an Island EconomyMuharraqCultural2012
Dilmun Burial MoundsCultural201921 components



Official nameLocationCriteriaYearNotes
Historic Mosque City of BagerhatBagerhatCultural1985
Ruins of the Buddhist Vihara at PaharpurNaogaon DistrictCultural1985
The SundarbansKhulna DivisionNatural1997Similar site in India


Official nameLocationCriteriaYearNotes
AngkorSiem ReapCultural1992
Temple of Preah VihearPreah VihearCultural2008
Temple Zone of Sambor Prei Kuk, Archaeological Site of Ancient IshanapuraMekong Lowlands and Central PlainsCultural2017


Temple of Heaven, Beijing The Great Wall The Potala Palace, Lhasa Ancient City of Pingyao, Shanxi Yungang Grottoes, Shanxi Sacred mountain Kawagarbo, in the Three parallel rivers region, Yunnan Kaiping Diaolou Zhangjiajie, Wulingyuan

Official nameLocationCriteriaYearNotes
Imperial Palaces of the Ming and Qing Dynasties in Beijing and ShenyangForbidden City, Beijing and ShenyangCultural1987Extended in 2004
Mausoleum of the First Qin EmperorXi'anCultural1987
Mogao CavesDunhuangCultural1987
Mount TaiShandongMixed1987
Peking Man Site at ZhoukoudianWestern and Southern Suburbs, BeijingCultural1987
The Great WallMostly North ChinaCultural1987
Mount HuangshanHuangshanMixed1990
Huanglong Scenic and Historic Interest AreaHuanglongsi National ParkNatural1992
Jiuzhaigou Valley Scenic and Historic Interest AreaJiuzhaigou Nature ReserveNatural1992
Wulingyuan Scenic and Historic Interest AreaWulingyuanNatural1992
Ancient Building Complex in the Wudang MountainsHubeiCultural1994
Historic Ensemble of the Potala Palace, LhasaTibetCultural1994Extended in 2000 and 2001
Mountain Resort and its Outlying Temples, ChengdeHebeiCultural1994
Temple and Cemetery of Confucius and the Kong Family Mansion in QufuShandongCultural1994
Lushan National ParkLushanCultural1996
Mount Emei Scenic Area, including Leshan Giant Buddha Scenic AreaEmeishan National ParkMixed1996
Ancient City of Ping YaoPingyaoCultural1997
Classical Gardens of SuzhouSuzhouCultural1997Extended in 2000
Old Town of LijiangLijiangCultural1997
Summer Palace, an Imperial Garden in BeijingHaidian District, BeijingCultural1998
Temple of Heaven: an Imperial Sacrificial Altar in BeijingChongwen District, BeijingCultural1998
Dazu Rock CarvingsDazuCultural1999
Mount WuyiFujianMixed1999
Ancient Villages in Southern Anhui – Xidi and HongcunAnhuiCultural2000
Imperial Tombs of the Ming and Qing DynastiesXianling tomb, ZhongxiangEastern Qing tombs, ZunhuaWestern Qing tombs, Yixian and BaodingMing tombs, Changping
Longmen GrottoesLuoyangCultural2000
Mount Qingcheng and the Dujiangyan Irrigation SystemQingchengshan-Dujiangyan National ParkCultural2000
Yungang GrottoesDatongCultural2001
Three Parallel Rivers of Yunnan Protected AreasThree parallel riversNatural2003
Capital Cities and Tombs of the Ancient Koguryo KingdomHuanren County, Liaoning Province and Ji’an, Jilin ProvinceCultural2004Shared with North Korea
Sichuan Giant Panda Sanctuaries - Wolong, Mt Siguniang and Jiajin MountainsSichuanNatural2006
Yin XuAnyangCultural2006
Kaiping Diaolou and VillagesKaipingCultural2007
South China KarstShilinMixed2007Natural heritage since 2007, extension in 2014
Fujian TulouFujianCultural2008
Mount Sanqingshan National ParkJiangxiNatural2008
Mount WutaiWutaishan National ParkCultural2009
China DanxiaHunan, Guangdong, Fujian, Jiangxi, Zhejiang, and Guizhou provincesNatural2010
Historic Monuments of Dengfeng in “The Centre of Heaven and Earth”DengfengCultural2010
West Lake Cultural Landscape of HangzhouHangzhouCultural2011
Chengjiang Fossil SiteChengjiangNatural2012
Site of XanaduInner MongoliaCultural2012
Cultural Landscape of Honghe Hani Rice TerracesSouthern YunnanCultural2013
Xinjiang TianshanXinjiangNatural2013
Silk Roads: the Routes Network of Chang'an-Tianshan CorridorCultural2014Shared with Kazakhstan and Kyrgyzstan
The Grand CanalNorth China, East ChinaCultural2014
Tusi SitesHunan, Hubei, GuizhouCultural2015
Zuojiang Huashan Rock Art Cultural LandscapeCentral GuangxiCultural2016
Hubei ShennongjiaHubeiNatural2016
Kulangsu: a Historic International SettlementFujianCultural2017
Qinghai Hoh XilQinghaiNatural2017
FanjingshanTongren (Guizhou)Natural2018
Archaeological Ruins of Liangzhu CityHangzhouCultural2019
Migratory Bird Sanctuaries along the Coast of Yellow Sea-Bohai Gulf of China (Phase I)YanchengNatural2019
Quanzhou: Emporium of the World in Song-Yuan ChinaSouth FujianCultural2021


See also: UNESCO World Heritage List (India)

Group of Monuments at Mahabalipuram, India Fatehpur Sikri Pattadakal Humayun's Tomb, Delhi, India The Red Fort, Delhi Stone Chariot, Hampi

Official nameLocationCriteriaYearNotes
Agra FortAgraCultural1983
Ajanta CavesAurangabadCultural1983
Darjeeling Himalayan RailwayDarjeelingCultural1999
Ellora CavesAurangabadCultural1983
Taj MahalAgraCultural1983
Group of Monuments at MahabalipuramMamallapuramCultural1984
Sun Temple, KonârakKonarkCultural1984
Kaziranga National ParkAssamNatural1985
Keoladeo National ParkRajasthanNatural1985
Manas National ParkAssamNatural1985
Churches and Convents of GoaOld GoaCultural1985
Fatehpur SikriUttar PradeshCultural1986
Group of Monuments at HampiHampiCultural1986
Khajuraho Group of MonumentsKhajurahoCultural1986
Elephanta CavesElephanta IslandCultural1987
Great Living Chola TemplesBrihadisvara Temple of Thanjavur; Brihadisvara Temple of Gangaikondacholisvaram; and the Airavatesvara Temple at DarasuramCultural1987
Group of Monuments at PattadakalPattadakalCultural1987
Sundarbans National ParkSoutheast BengalNatural1987Similar site in Bangladesh
Nanda Devi and Valley of Flowers National ParkUttarakhandNatural1988
Buddhist Monuments at SanchiSanchiCultural1989
Humayun's Tomb, DelhiDelhiCultural1993
Qutb Minar and its Monuments, DelhiDelhiCultural1993
Mountain Railways of IndiaIndiaCultural1999
Mahabodhi Temple Complex at Bodh GayaBodh GayaCultural2002
Rock Shelters of BhimbetkaBhimbetkaCultural2003
Champaner-Pavagadh Archaeological ParkGujaratCultural2004
Chhatrapati Shivaji Terminus (formerly Victoria Terminus)MumbaiCultural2004
Red Fort ComplexDelhiCultural2007
The Jantar Mantar, JaipurJaipurCultural2010
Western GhatsWestern and Southern IndiaNatural2012
Hill Forts of RajasthanChittorgarh, Kumbhalgarh, Sawai Madhopur, Jhalawar, Jaipur and JaisalmerCultural2013
Rani-ki-Vav (the Queen’s Stepwell) at PatanNorth GujaratCultural2014
Great Himalayan National ParkHimachal Pradesh, Himalayan NorthNatural2014
Archaeological Site of Nalanda Mahavihara (Nalanda University) at Nalanda, BiharNalandaCultural2016
The Architectural Work of Le Corbusier, an Outstanding Contribution to the Modern MovementChandigarhCultural201617 sites, shared with Argentina, Belgium, France, Germany, Japan and Switzerland
Khangchendzonga National ParkWest SikkimMixed2016
Historic City of AhmadabadCentral GujaratCultural2017
Victorian Gothic and Art Deco Ensembles of MumbaiMumbaiCultural2018
Jaipur City, RajasthanRajasthanCultural2019
Kakatiya Rudreshwara (Ramappa) Temple, TelanganaWarangalCultural2021
Dholavira: a Harappan CityKutchCultural2021


Dancer's mask, Bali

Official nameLocationCriteriaYearNotes
Borobudur Temple CompoundsBorobudurCultural1991
Komodo National ParkFloresNatural1991
Prambanan Temple CompoundsPrambananCultural1991
Ujung Kulon National ParkBantenNatural1991
Sangiran Early Man SiteSoloCultural1996
Lorentz National ParkAsmatNatural1999
Tropical Rainforest Heritage of SumatraGunung Leuser National Park, Kerinci Seblat National Park and Bukit Barisan Selatan National ParkNatural2004Listed as in danger since 2011
Cultural Landscape of Bali Province: the Subak System as a Manifestation of the Tri Hita Karana PhilosophyBaliCultural2012
Ombilin Coal Mining Heritage of SawahluntoWest SumatraCultural2019


Persepolis, Iran Shushtar, ancient irrigation Golestan Palace

Official nameLocationCriteriaYearNotes
Meidan Emam, EsfahanIsfahanCultural1979
Tchogha ZanbilTchogha ZanbilCultural1979
Takht-e SoleymanTakabCultural2003
Bam and its Cultural LandscapeBamCultural2004Listed as in danger since 2004
Armenian Monastic Ensembles of IranWest AzerbaijanCultural2008
Shushtar Historical Hydraulic SystemShushtarCultural2009
Sheikh Safi al-din Khānegāh and Shrine Ensemble in ArdabilArdabilCultural2010
Tabriz Historic Bazaar ComplexTabrizCultural2010
The Persian GardenPasargad, Isfahan, Kashan, Shiraz, Mahan, Yazd, Caspian Iran, KhorasanCultural2011
Gonbad-e QābusCaspian IranCultural2012
Masjed-e Jāmé of IsfahanIsfahanCultural2012
Golestan PalaceTehran ProvinceCultural2013
Shahr-I SokhtaBaluchistanCultural2014
Cultural Landscape of MaymandKerman (province)Cultural2015
The Persian QanatCultural201611 sites around Iran
Lut DesertKerman (province), Sistan and BaluchestanNatural2016
Historic City of YazdYazd (province)Cultural2017
Sassanid Archaeological Landscape of Fars RegionFarsCultural20188 individual sites
Hyrcanian ForestsCaspian IranNatural2019
Trans-Iranian RailwayWestern Iran, Central Iran, Caspian IranCultural2021
Cultural Landscape of Hawraman/UramanatKermanshah (province), Kurdistan (province)Cultural2021


Hatra (now destroyed) Panoramic View of Arbil Citadel

Official nameLocationCriteriaYearNotes
HatraHatraCultural1985Severely damaged or destroyed by Da'esh (ISIS) extremists in 2015
Ashur (Qal'at Sherqat)Al JaziraCultural2003Listed as in danger since inscription
Samarra Archaeological CitySamarraCultural2007Listed as in danger since inscription
Erbil CitadelIraqi KurdistanCultural2014
The Ahwar of Southern Iraq: Refuge of Biodiversity and the Relict Landscape of the Mesopotamian CitiesLower MesopotamiaMixed2016Composed of 7 sites
BabylonSouthern IraqCultural2019


Acre Mount Carmel

Official nameLocationCriteriaYearNotes
Old City of AcreAkkoCultural2001
White City of Tel-Aviv—the Modern MovementTel AvivCultural2003
Biblical Tels - Megiddo, Hazor, Beer ShebaMegiddo, Hazor, Beer ShebaCultural2005
Incense Route - Desert Cities in the NegevNegevCultural2005
Bahá’i Holy Places in Haifa and the Western GalileeWestern GalileeCultural2008
Sites of Human Evolution at Mount Carmel: The Nahal Me’arot / Wadi el-Mughara CavesCarmel RangeCultural2012
Caves of Maresha and Bet-Guvrin in the Judean Lowlands as a Microcosm of the Land of the CavesShfelaCultural2014
Necropolis of Bet She’arim: A Landmark of Jewish RenewalWestern GalileeCultural2015


Historic Monuments of Ancient Kyoto, Japan Shrines and temples of Nikko

Official nameLocationCriteriaYearNotes
Buddhist Monuments in the Horyu-ji AreaHoryujiCultural1993
Historic Monuments of Ancient Kyoto (Kyoto, Uji and Otsu Cities)Kyoto, Uji and OtsuCultural1994
Historic Villages of Shirakawa-go and GokayamaShirakawa-go and GokayamaCultural1995
Hiroshima Peace Memorial (Genbaku Dome)HiroshimaCultural1996
Itsukushima Shinto ShrineMiyajimaCultural1996
Historic Monuments of Ancient NaraNaraCultural1998
Shrines and Temples of NikkoNikkoCultural1999
Gusuku Sites and Related Properties of the Kingdom of RyukyuOkinawa IslandCultural2000
Sacred Sites and Pilgrimage Routes in the Kii Mountain RangeKansai (Mount Koya, Mount Yoshino, Mount Omine, Hongu, Nachikatsuura, Shingu, Kumano, Owase)Cultural2004
ShiretokoShiretoko National ParkNatural2005
Iwami Ginzan Silver Mine and its Cultural LandscapeOdaCultural2007
Hiraizumi – Temples, Gardens and Archaeological Sites Representing the Buddhist Pure LandHiraizumiCultural2011
Ogasawara IslandsOgasawara IslandsNatural2011
Fujisan, sacred place and source of artistic inspirationShizuoka, YamanashiCultural2013
Tomioka Silk Mill and Related SitesTomiokaCultural2014
Sites of Japan’s Meiji Industrial Revolution: Iron and Steel, Shipbuilding and Coal MiningKyushu, Hagi, Kamaishi, IzunokuniCultural2015
The Architectural Work of Le Corbusier, an Outstanding Contribution to the Modern MovementTokyo/UenoCultural201617 sites, shared with Argentina, Belgium, France, Germany, India and Switzerland
Sacred Island of Okinoshima and Associated Sites in the Munakata RegionOkinoshima islandCultural2017
Hidden Christian Sites in the Nagasaki RegionNagasaki, Hirado, Sasebo, Minamishimabara, Goto Islands, AmakusaCultural201812 individual sites
Mozu-Furuichi Kofun Group: Mounded Tombs of Ancient JapanOsaka (prefecture)Cultural201945 components
Amami-Oshima Island, Tokunoshima Island, Northern part of Okinawa Island, and Iriomote IslandNatural2021
Jomon Prehistoric Sites in Northern JapanTohoku, HokkaidoCultural202117 components


Old City of Jerusalem, Israel (de facto; not recognized as part of Israel by UNESCO)

Official nameLocationCriteriaYearNotes
Old City of Jerusalem and its WallsOld City, JerusalemCultural1981Under de facto Israeli control as part of its capital; disputed by the Palestinians, who claim Jerusalem as their capital; proposed in the 1947 UN Partition Plan for Palestine to be part of a separate Jerusalem territory under international control; listed as in danger since 1982


Petra, Jordan

Official nameLocationCriteriaYearNotes
PetraSouthern Desert (Jordan)Cultural1985
Quseir AmraEastern Desert (Jordan)Cultural1985
Um er-Rasas (Kastrom Mefa'a)King's HighwayCultural2005
Wadi Rum Protected AreaSouthern Desert (Jordan)Mixed2011
Baptism Site “Bethany Beyond the Jordan” (Al-Maghtas)Northern JordanCultural2015
As-Salt - The Place of Tolerance and Urban HospitalityNorthern JordanCultural2021



Official nameLocationCriteriaYearNotes
Mausoleum of Khoja Ahmed YasawiTurkestanCultural2003
Petroglyphs within the Archaeological Landscape of TamgalyAlmaty ProvinceCultural2004
Saryarka – Steppe and Lakes of Northern KazakhstanNaurzum State Nature Reserve, Korgalzhyn Nature ReserveNatural2008
Silk Roads: the Routes Network of Chang'an-Tianshan CorridorCultural2014Shared with China and Kyrgyzstan
Western Tien-ShanNatural2016Shared with Kyrgyzstan and Uzbekistan


Official nameLocationCriteriaYearNotes
Sulaiman-Too Sacred MountainOshCultural2009
Silk Roads: the Routes Network of Chang'an-Tianshan CorridorCultural2014Shared with China and Kazakhstan
Western Tien-ShanNatural2016Shared with Kazakhstan and Uzbekistan


Luang Prabang

Official nameLocationCriteriaYearNotes
Town of Luang PrabangLuang PrabangCultural1995
Vat Phou and Associated Ancient Settlements within the Champasak Cultural LandscapeChampasakCultural2001
Megalithic Jar Sites in Xiengkhuang – Plain of JarsCentral LaosCultural2019



Official nameLocationCriteriaYearNotes
Ouadi Qadisha (the Holy Valley) and the Forest of the Cedars of God (Horsh Arz el-Rab)Kadisha ValleyCultural1998


Official nameLocationCriteriaYearNotes
Historic Centre of MacaoMacau/PeninsulaCultural2005


Official nameLocationCriteriaYearNotes
Gunung Mulu National ParkSarawakNatural2000
Kinabalu ParkMount KinabaluNatural2000
Melaka and George Town, Historic Cities of the Straits of MalaccaMalacca and GeorgetownCultural2008
Archaeological Heritage of the Lenggong ValleyPerakCultural2012



Official nameLocationCriteriaYearNotes
Uvs Nuur BasinUvsNatural2003Shared with Russia
Orkhon Valley Cultural LandscapeCentral MongoliaCultural2004
Petroglyphic Complexes of the Mongolian AltaiWestern MongoliaCultural2011In Altai Tavan Bogd National Park
Great Burkhan Khaldun Mountain and its surrounding sacred landscapeCentral MongoliaCultural2015
Landscapes of DauriaEastern MongoliaNatural2017shared with Russia


Official nameLocationCriteriaYearNotes
Pyu Ancient CitiesNorthern MyanmarCultural2014
BaganCentral MyanmarCultural2019


Kathmandu Valley, Nepal

Official nameLocationCriteriaYearNotes
Kathmandu ValleyKathmandu ValleyCultural1979Severely damaged by 2015 earthquake.
Sagarmatha National ParkKhumbuNatural1979
Chitwan National ParkWestern TeraiNatural1984
Lumbini, the Birthplace of the Lord BuddhaLumbiniCultural1997

North Korea

Historic Monuments and Sites in Kaesong

Official nameLocationCriteriaYearNotes
Complex of Koguryo TombsPyongyang and NamphoCultural2004Shared with China
Historic Monuments and Sites in KaesongHwanghaeCultural2013


Bahla Fort

Official nameLocationCriteriaYearNotes
Bahla FortBahlaCultural1987
Archaeological Sites of Bat, Al-Khutm and Al-AynNorthern OmanCultural1988
Land of FrankincenseFrankincense Trail in Al Baleed Museum, SalalahCultural2000
Aflaj Irrigation Systems of OmanNorthern OmanCultural2006
Ancient City of QalhatCentral Coastal OmanCultural2018


Ruins of the ancient city of Mohenjo-daro.

Official nameLocationCriteriaYearNotes
Archaeological Ruins at MoenjodaroMoenjodaroCultural1980
Buddhist Ruins of Takht-i-Bahi and Neighbouring City Remains at Sahr-i-BahlolNorthwest PakistanCultural1980
Fort and Shalamar Gardens in LahoreLahoreCultural1981
Historical Monuments at Makli, ThattaThattaCultural1981
Rohtas FortJhelumCultural1997

Palestinian territories

Church of the Nativity

Official nameLocationCriteriaYearNotes
Birthplace of Jesus: Church of the Nativity and the Pilgrimage Route, BethlehemBethlehemCultural2012
Palestine: Land of Olives and Vines – Cultural Landscape of Southern Jerusalem, BattirWest BankCultural2014
Hebron/Al-Khalil Old TownWest BankCultural2017


Tubbataha Reefs Natural Park Puerto Princesa Subterranean River National Park

Official nameLocationCriteriaYearNotes
Baroque Churches of the PhilippinesIglesia de San Agustín, Intramuros, ManilaIglesia de Nuestra Señora de la Asunción, [Santa Maria (Ilocos Sur)Santa Maria, Ilocos Sur](Ilocos_SurSanta_Maria_(Ilocos_Sur))
Tubbataha Reefs Natural ParkPalawanNatural1993
Rice Terraces of the Philippine CordillerasIfugaoCultural1995
Historic Town of ViganViganCultural1999
Puerto-Princesa Subterranean River National ParkPuerto PrincesaNatural1999
Mount Hamiguitan Range Wildlife SanctuaryDavao OrientalNatural2014


Official nameLocationCriteriaYearNotes
Al Zubarah Archaeological SiteQatarCultural2013


Volcanoes of Kamchatka Lena pillars See also the list of Russian sites in Europe.

Official nameLocationCriteriaYearNotes
Lake BaikalSiberiaNatural1996
Volcanoes of KamchatkaRussian Far EastNatural1996
Golden Mountains of AltaiSiberiaNatural1998
Bikin River ValleyRussian Far East, Primorsky KraiNatural2001extended and renamed in 2018
Uvs Nuur BasinSiberia, Eastern SiberiaNatural2003shared with Mongolia
Natural System of Wrangel Island ReserveChukotkaNatural2004
Putorana PlateauTaymyriaNatural2010
Lena Pillars Nature ParkSakha RepublicNatural2012
Landscapes of DauriaZabaykalsky KraiNatural2017shared with Mongolia

Saudi Arabia

Official nameLocationCriteriaYearNotes
Al-Hijr Archaeological Site (Madâin Sâlih)HejazCultural2008
Historic Jeddah, the Gate to MakkahHejazCultural2014
Rock Art in the Hail Region of Saudi ArabiaNejdCultural2015
Al-Ahsa Oasis, an evolving Cultural LandscapeEastern Province (Saudi Arabia)Cultural2018
Ḥimā Cultural AreaAsirCultural2021


Symphony Lake, Singapore Botanic Gardens

Official nameLocationCriteriaYearNotes
Singapore Botanic GardensSingaporeCultural2015

South Korea

Hwaseong Fortress Mt. Halla, Jeju Volcanic Island

Official nameLocationCriteriaYearNotes
Haeinsa Temple Janggyeong Panjeon, the Depositories for the Tripitaka Koreana WoodblocksGayasan Mountain National ParkCultural1995
Jongmyo ShrineJongno District, SeoulCultural1995
Seokguram Grotto and Bulguksa TempleGyeongjuCultural1995
Changdeokgung Palace ComplexJongno District, SeoulCultural1997
Hwaseong FortressSuwonCultural1997
Gochang, Hwasun and Ganghwa Dolmen SitesGochang, Hwasun and Ganghwa IslandCultural2000
Gyeongju Historic AreasGyeongjuCultural2000
Jeju Volcanic Island and Lava TubesJejuNatural2007
Royal Tombs of the Joseon DynastyGyeonggi and GangwonCultural2009
Historic Villages of Korea: Hahoe and YangdongAndongCultural2010
Baekje Historic AreasGongju, Buyeo, North JeollaCultural2015
Sansa, Buddhist Mountain Monasteries in KoreaYangsan, Yeongju, Andong, Songnisan National Park, Gongju, Suncheon, HaenamCultural20187 components
Seowon, Korean Neo-Confucian AcademiesYeongju, Namwon, Pohang, Andong, Gwangju, Daegu, Jeongeup, BuyeoCultural20199 components
Getbol, Korean Tidal FlatsNorth Jeolla, South JeollaNatural20214 components

Sri Lanka

Old town of Galle

Official nameLocationCriteriaYearNotes
Ancient City of PolonnaruwaPolonnaruwaCultural1982
Ancient City of SigiriyaSigiriyaCultural1982
Sacred City of AnuradhapuraAnuradhapuraCultural1982
Old Town of Galle and its FortificationsGalleCultural1988
Sacred City of KandyKandyCultural1988
Sinharaja Forest ReserveSabaragamuwaNatural1988
Golden Temple of DambullaDambullaCultural1991
Central Highlands of Sri LankaCentral ProvinceNatural2010


Krak des Chevaliers NOTE: Syria is a war zone. By 2015, news reports were indicating all six of the country's listed sites had been gravely damaged. The sites remain on the UNESCO heritage list and the list of UNESCO heritage in danger. Much of Palmyra was destroyed after the city fell to Da'esh extremists in 2015; the Assad régime regained control in 2016 but the damage has been done.

Official nameLocationCriteriaYearNotes
Ancient City of DamascusDamascusCultural1979
Ancient City of BosraBosraCultural1980
Site of PalmyraPalmyraCultural1980Mined or destroyed in 2015.
Ancient City of AleppoAleppoCultural1986
Crac des Chevaliers and Qal’at Salah El-DinKrak des Chevaliers and LatakiaCultural2006
Ancient Villages of Northern SyriaDead CitiesCultural2011


Official nameLocationCriteriaYearNotes
Proto-urban site of SarazmZeravshanCultural2010
Tajik National Park (Mountains of the Pamirs)PamirsNatural2013


Historic City of Ayutthaya, Thailand

Official nameLocationCriteriaYearNotes
Historic City of AyutthayaAyutthayaCultural1991
Historic Town of Sukhothai and Associated Historic TownsSukhothai, Si Satchanalai and Kamphaeng PhetCultural1991
Thungyai-Huai Kha Khaeng Wildlife SanctuariesLower Northern ThailandNatural1991
Ban Chiang Archaeological SiteUdon ThaniCultural1992
Dong Phayayen-Khao Yai Forest ComplexKhao Yai National ParkNatural2005
Kaeng Krachan Forest ComplexCentral ThailandNatural2021


Historic areas of Istanbul Nemrut Dagi City of Safranbolu

Official nameLocationCriteriaYearNotes
Göreme National Park and the Rock Sites of CappadociaCappadociaMixed1985
Great Mosque and Hospital of DivriğiCentral AnatoliaCultural1985
Historic Areas of IstanbulIstanbulCultural1985
Hattusha: the Hittite CapitalCentral KaradenizCultural1986
Nemrut DagiSoutheastern AnatoliaCultural1987
Hierapolis-PamukkaleSouthern AegeanMixed1988
City of SafranboluWestern KaradenizCultural1994
Archaeological Site of TroySouthern MarmaraCultural1998
Selimiye Mosque and its Social ComplexEastern ThraceCultural2011
Neolithic Site of ÇatalhöyükCentral AnatoliaCultural2012
Bursa and Cumalıkızık: the Birth of the Ottoman EmpireSouthern MarmaraCultural2014
Pergamon and its Multi-Layered Cultural LandscapeNorthern AegeanCultural2014
Diyarbakir Fortress and Hevsel Gardens Cultural LandscapeSoutheastern AnatoliaCultural2015
EphesusCentral AegeanCultural2015
Archaeological Site of AniEastern AnatoliaCultural2016
AphrodisiasSouthern AegeanCultural2017
Göbekli TepeUrfaCultural2018
Arslantepe MoundMalatyaCultural2021


Konye Urgench

Official nameLocationCriteriaYearNotes
State Historical and Cultural Park “Ancient Merv”MervCultural1999
Kunya-UrgenchKonye UrgenchCultural2005
Parthian Fortresses of NisaNissaCultural2007

United Arab Emirates

Official nameLocationCriteriaYearNotes
Cultural Sites of Al Ain (Hafit, Hili, Bidaa Bint Saud and Oases Areas)Al AinCultural2011


Samarkand - Crossroads of Cultures, Uzbekistan

Official nameLocationCriteriaYearNotes
Itchan KalaKhivaCultural1990
Historic Centre of BukharaBukharaCultural1993
Historic Centre of ShakhrisyabzShakhrizabzCultural2000
Samarkand – Crossroad of CulturesSamarkandCultural2001
Western Tien-ShanNatural2016Shared with Kazakhstan and Kyrgyzstan


Hoi An ancient town

Official nameLocationCriteriaYearNotes
Complex of Hué MonumentsHueCultural1993
Ha Long BayHa Long BayNatural1994Extended in 2000
Hoi An Ancient TownHoi AnCultural1999
My Son SanctuaryMy SonCultural1999
Phong Nha-Ke Bang National ParkPhong Nha-Ke BangNatural2003
Central Sector of the Imperial Citadel of Thang Long - HanoiHanoiCultural2010
Citadel of the Ho DynastyCentral Coast (Vietnam)Cultural2011
Trang An Landscape ComplexNinh Binh, Northern VietnamMixed2014


Historic town of Zabid

Official nameLocationCriteriaYearNotes
Old Walled City of ShibamShibamCultural1982
Old City of Sana'aSana'aCultural1986
Historic Town of ZabidZabidCultural1993Listed as in danger since 2000
Socotra ArchipelagoSocotraNatural2008




Official nameLocationCriteriaYearNotes
ButrintCoastal AlbaniaCultural1992
Historic Centres of Gjirokastër and BeratSoutheastern AlbaniaCultural2005
Ancient and Primeval Beech Forests of the Carpathians and Other Regions of EuropeNatural2007enlarged in 2011, 2017 and 2021, shared with 17 other European countries
Natural and Cultural Heritage of the Ohrid regionPogradecMixed1979extended in 2019, shared with North Macedonia


Official nameLocationCriteriaYearNotes
Madriu-Perafita-Claror Valleysouth and east of Andorra La VellaCultural2004


Echmiadzin Cathedral

Official nameLocationCriteriaYearNotes
Monasteries of Haghpat and SanahinNorthern ArmeniaCultural1996
Cathedral and Churches of Echmiadzin and the archaeological site of ZvartnotsCentral ArmeniaCultural2000
Monastery of Geghard and the Upper Azat ValleyCentral ArmeniaCultural2000


Hallstatt-Dachstein Historic Centre of Vienna

Official nameLocationCriteriaYearNotes
Historic Centre of the City of SalzburgSalzburg (state)Cultural1996
Palace and Gardens of SchönbrunnViennaCultural1996
Hallstatt-Dachstein / Salzkammergut Cultural LandscapeSalzburg (state)Cultural1997
Semmering RailwayLower AustriaCultural1998The first ever railway to be so honored
City of Graz – Historic Centre and Schloss EggenbergStyriaCultural1999
Wachau Cultural LandscapeLower Austria, between Melk and KremsCultural2000
Fertö / Neusiedlersee Cultural LandscapeBurgenlandCultural2001shared with Hungary
Historic Centre of ViennaViennaCultural2001
Ancient and Primeval Beech Forests of the Carpathians and Other Regions of EuropeUpper Austria, in the Kalkalpen National ParkNatural2007enlarged in 2011, 2017 and 2021, shared with 17 other European countries
Prehistoric Pile dwellings around the AlpsCultural2011shared with France, Germany, Italy, Slovenia, and Switzerland
Frontiers of the Roman Empire – The Danube Limes (Western Segment)Cultural2021shared with Germany and Slovakia
The Great Spa Towns of EuropeBaden bei WienCultural202111 sites, shared with Belgium, the Czech Republic, France, Germany, Italy, and the United Kingdom



Official nameLocationCriteriaYearNotes
The Walled city of Baku with the Shirvanshah's Palace and Maiden TowerBaku RegionCultural2000
Gobustan Rock Art Cultural LandscapeBaku RegionCultural2007
Historic Centre of Sheki with the Khan’s PalaceSheki RegionCultural2019


Mir Castle Bisons in Belovezhskaya Puscha National Park

Official nameLocationCriteriaYearNotes
Mir Castle complexGrodno OblastCultural2000
Architectural, Residential and Cultural Complex of the Radziwill Family at NesvizhMinsk OblastCultural2005
Belovezhskaya Pushcha / Białowieża ForestGrodno OblastNatural1979shared with Poland, extended in 2014
Struve Geodetic ArcGrodno Oblast, Brest OblastCultural2005shared with Estonia, Finland, Latvia, Lithuania, Moldova, Norway, Russia, Sweden, Ukraine


Grand Place, Brussels Neolithic flint mines, Spiennes

Official nameLocationCriteriaYearNotes
Flemish BéguinagesFlandersCultural199813 Béguinages
La Grand-Place, BrusselsBrusselsCultural1998
The Four Lifts on the Canal du Centre and their Environs, La Louvière and Le Roeulx (Hainault)WalloniaCultural1998
Belfries of Belgium and FranceCultural199933 belfries in Belgium
Historic Centre of BrugesFlandersCultural2000
Major Town Houses of the Architect Victor HortaBrusselsCultural2000
Neolithic Flint Mines at Spiennes (Mons)WalloniaCultural2000
Notre-Dame Cathedral in TournaiWalloniaCultural2000
Plantin-Moretus House-Workshops-Museum Complex, AntwerpFlandersCultural2005
Ancient and Primeval Beech Forests of the Carpathians and Other Regions of EuropeNatural2007enlarged in 2011, 2017 and 2021, shared with 17 other European countries
Stoclet HouseBrusselsCultural2009
Major Mining Sites of WalloniaWalloniaCultural2012
The Architectural Work of Le Corbusier, an Outstanding Contribution to the Modern MovementAntwerpCultural201617 sites, shared with Argentina, France, Germany, India, Japan and Switzerland
Colonies of BenevolenceTurnhoutCultural20213 sites, shared with the Netherlands
The Great Spa Towns of EuropeSpaCultural202111 sites, shared with Austria, the Czech Republic, France, Germany, Italy, and the United Kingdom

Bosnia and Herzegovina

Mostar Old Town

Official nameLocationCriteriaYearNotes
Old Bridge Area of the Old City of MostarHerzegovinaCultural2005
Mehmed Paša Sokolović Bridge in VišegradSarajevo RegionCultural2007
Stećci Medieval Tombstones GraveyardsCultural201628 sites, shared with Croatia, Montenegro and Serbia


Pirin National Park

Official nameLocationCriteriaYearNotes
Boyana ChurchBulgarian ShoplukCultural1979
Madara RiderDobrujaCultural1979
Rock-hewn Churches of IvanovoNorth BulgariaCultural1979
Thracian tomb of KazanlakNorthern ThraceCultural1979
Ancient City of NessebarBulgarian Black Sea CoastCultural1983
Srebarna Nature ReserveDobrujaNatural1983
Pirin National ParkPirin MacedoniaNatural1983
Rila MonasteryBulgarian ShoplukCultural1983
Thracian tomb of SveshtariDobrujaCultural1985
Ancient and Primeval Beech Forests of the Carpathians and Other Regions of EuropeNatural2007enlarged in 2011, 2017 and 2021, shared with 17 other European countries


Old City of Dubrovnik, Croatia](https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/6/61/View_old_city_of_Dubrovnik-3.jpg/440px-View_old_city_of_Dubrovnik-3.jpg) Palace of Diocletian, Split

Official nameLocationCriteriaYearNotes
Old City of DubrovnikDalmatiaCultural1979
Historical Complex of Split with the Palace of DiocletianDalmatiaCultural1979
Plitvice Lakes National ParkDalmatiaNatural1979
Episcopal Complex of the Euphrasian Basilica in the Historic Centre of PorečIstriaCultural1997
Historic City of TrogirDalmatiaCultural1997
Cathedral of St. James in SibenikDalmatiaCultural2000
Ancient and Primeval Beech Forests of the Carpathians and Other Regions of EuropeNatural2007enlarged in 2011, 2017 and 2021, shared with 17 other European countries
Stari Grad Plain, Island HvarDalmatiaCultural2008
Stećci Medieval Tombstones GraveyardsCultural201628 sites, shared with Bosnia and Herzegovnia, Montenegro and Serbia
Venetian Works of Defence between 15th and 17th centuries: Stato da Terra – western Stato da MarSibenik, ZadarCultural20176 sites, shared with Italy and Montenegro


Official nameLocationCriteriaYearNotes
PaphosPaphos districtCultural1980
Painted Churches in the Troodos RegionCultural198510 churches
ChoirokoitiaLarnaca districtCultural1998

Czech Republic

Historic centre of Prague, Czech Republic](https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/c/cf/Downtown%2C_Prague%2C_Czech_Republic_-_8171.jpg/440px-Downtown,_Prague,_Czech_Republic_-_8171.jpg) Stained glass in St. Barbara, Kutna Hora

Official nameLocationCriteriaYearNotes
Historic Centre of Český KrumlovSouth BohemiaCultural1992
Historic Centre of PragueCentral BohemiaCultural1992
Historic Centre of TelčBohemian-Moravian HighlandsCultural1992
Pilgrimage Church of St John of Nepomuk at Zelená HoraSouth MoraviaCultural1994
Kutná Hora: Historical Town Centre with the Church of St Barbara and the Cathedral of Our Lady at SedlecCentral BohemiaCultural1995
Lednice-Valtice Cultural LandscapeSouth MoraviaCultural1996
Holasovice Historical Village ReservationSouth BohemiaCultural1998
Gardens and Castle at KroměřížSouth MoraviaCultural1998
Litomyšl CastleEast BohemiaCultural1999
Holy Trinity Column in OlomoucNorth MoraviaCultural2000
Tugendhat Villa in BrnoSouth MoraviaCultural2001
The Jewish Quarter and St Procopius' Basilica in TřebíčBohemian-Moravian HighlandsCultural2003
Landscape for Breeding and Training of Ceremonial Carriage Horses at Kladruby nad LabemEast BohemiaCultural2019
Erzgebirge/Krušnohoří Mining RegionNorth Bohemia, West BohemiaCultural20195 sites in the Czech Republic, shared with Germany
The Great Spa Towns of EuropeFrantiškovy Lázně, Karlovy Vary, Mariánské Lázně (collectively known as the West Bohemian Spa Triangle)Cultural202111 sites, shared with Austria, Belgium, France, Germany, Italy, and the United Kingdom


For sites in Greenland (officially listed under Denmark), see the #Greenland table below Kronborg Castle, Elsinore

Official nameLocationCriteriaYearNotes
Jelling Mounds, Runic Stones and ChurchEast JutlandCultural1994
Roskilde CathedralWest ZealandCultural1995
Kronborg Castle in ElsinoreNorth ZealandCultural2000
Stevns Klint South ZealandNatural2014
Wadden SeaSouth JutlandNatural2014Extended to Denmark in 2014, shared with Germany and Netherlands
Christiansfeld, a Moravian Church SettlementKoldingCultural2015
The par force hunting landscape in North ZealandNorth ZealandCultural2015


Tallinn, Estonia

Official nameLocationCriteriaYearNotes
Historic Centre (Old Town) of TallinnNorth EstoniaCultural1997
Struve Geodetic ArcNorth Estonia, South EstoniaCultural2005shared with Belarus, Finland, Latvia, Lithuania, Moldova, Norway, Russia, Sweden, Ukraine


Suomenlinna, Finland](https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/d/da/Suomenlinna.jpg/440px-Suomenlinna.jpg) Old Rauma

Official nameLocationCriteriaYearNotes
Fortress of Suomenlinna, HelsinkiSouthern FinlandCultural1991
Old RaumaWestern FinlandCultural1991
Petäjävesi Old ChurchWestern FinlandCultural1994
Verla Groundwood and Board Mill, JaalaSouthern FinlandCultural1996
Bronze Age Burial Site of Sammallahdenmäki, near RaumaWestern FinlandCultural1999
High Coast / Kvarken ArchipelagoOstrobothniaNatural2000shared with Sweden
Struve Geodetic ArcFinnish Lapland, Central Finland, Uusimaa, KymenlaaksoCultural2005shared with Belarus, Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania, Moldova, Norway, Russia, Sweden, Ukraine


Mont-Saint Michel and its Bay, France](https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/b/bc/MontSaintMichelNuit4.JPG/440px-MontSaintMichelNuit4.JPG) Throne room, Fontainebleau Castle Saltworks of Franche-Comté Banks of the Seine, France](https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/c/cc/Paris%2C_France.jpg/440px-Paris,_France.jpg) Fortified city of Carcassone Azay le Rideau, Loire Valley Bordeaux Albi

Official nameLocationCriteriaYearNotes
Chartres CathedralCentre-Val de LoireCultural1979
Mont-Saint-Michel and its BayLower NormandyCultural1979
Palace and Park of VersaillesÎle-de-FranceCultural1979
Prehistoric Sites and Decorated Caves of the Vézère ValleyDordogneCultural1979
Vézelay, Church and HillBurgundyCultural1979
Amiens CathedralPicardyCultural1981
Arles, Roman and Romanesque MonumentsBouches-du-RhôneCultural1981
Cistercian Abbey of FontenayBurgundyCultural1981
Palace and Park of FontainebleauÎle-de-FranceCultural1981
Roman Theatre and its Surroundings and the "Triumphal Arch" of OrangeVaucluseCultural1981
From the Great Saltworks of Salins-les-Bains to the Royal Saltworks of Arc-et-Senans, the Production of Open-pan SaltFranche-ComtéCultural1982
Abbey Church of Saint-Savin sur GartempeVienneCultural1983
Gulf of Porto: Calanche of Piana, Gulf of Girolata, Scandola ReserveCorsicaNatural1983
Place Stanislas, Place de la Carrière and Place d'Alliance in NancyLorraineCultural1983
Pont du Gard (Roman Aqueduct)Languedoc-RoussillonCultural1985
Strasbourg - Grande îleAlsaceCultural1988
Cathedral of Notre-Dame, Former Abbey of Saint-Remi and Palace of Tau, ReimsChampagne-ArdenneCultural1991
Paris, Banks of the SeineÎle-de-FranceCultural1991
Bourges CathedralCentre-Val de LoireCultural1992
Historic Centre of Avignon: Papal Palace, Episcopal Ensemble and Avignon BridgeVaucluseCultural1995
Canal du MidiMidi-Pyrenees, Languedoc-Roussillon: from Toulouse to SèteCultural1996part of a network of navigable waterways linking the Mediterranean and the Atlantic.
Historic Fortified City of CarcassonneAudeCultural1997
Pyrénées - Mont PerduMidi-PyreneesMixed1997shared with Spain
Historic Site of LyonRhôneCultural1998
Routes of Santiago de Compostela in FranceCultural1998
Belfries of Belgium and FranceCultural199923 belfries in France
Jurisdiction of Saint-EmilionAquitaineCultural1999
The Loire Valley between Sully-sur-Loire and ChalonnesPays de la Loire and Centre-Val de LoireCultural2000
Provins, Town of Medieval FairsÎle-de-FranceCultural2001
Le Havre, the City Rebuilt by Auguste PerretUpper NormandyCultural2005
Bordeaux, Port of the MoonAquitaineCultural2007
Fortifications of VaubanCultural200812 groups of fortified buildings and sites along the borders and coasts of France.
Episcopal City of AlbiMidi-Pyrenees, TarnCultural2010
Prehistoric Pile Dwellings around the AlpsHaute-SavoieCultural2011shared with Switzerland, Austria, Germany, Italy, Slovenia
The Causses and the Cévennes, Mediterranean Agro-pastoral Cultural LandscapeCultural2011
Nord-Pas de Calais Mining BasinNord-Pas de CalaisCultural2012site consists of 109 separate components over 120,000 ha
Decorated cave of Pont d’Arc, known as Grotte Chauvet-Pont d’Arc, ArdècheArdècheCultural2014
Champagne Hillsides, Houses and CellarsÉpernay, ReimsCultural2015
Climats, terroirs of BurgundyDijon, BeauneCultural2015
The Architectural Work of Le Corbusier, an Outstanding Contribution to the Modern MovementParis, Pessac, Marseille, Île-de-France, Saint-Dié-des-Vosges, Franche-Comté, Menton, FirminyCultural201617 sites, shared with Argentina, Belgium, Germany, India, Japan and Switzerland
Chaine des Puys - Limagne fault tectonic arenaAuvergneNatural2018
Cordouan LighthouseRoyanCultural2021
The Great Spa Towns of EuropeVichyCultural202111 sites, shared with Austria, Belgium, the Czech Republic, Germany, Italy, and the United Kingdom
Nice, Winter Resort Town of the RivieraAlpes-MaritimesCultural2021


Historical Monuments of Mtskheta, Georgia](https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/4/4c/Jvari_Church_view.jpg/440px-Jvari_Church_view.jpg)

Official nameLocationCriteriaYearNotes
Bagrati Cathedral and Gelati MonasteryRioni RegionCultural1994in danger
Historical Monuments of MtskhetaKartliCultural1994in danger
Upper SvanetiNorthwestern GeorgiaCultural1996
Colchic Rainforests and WetlandsNorthwestern Georgia, Southwestern GeorgiaNatural20217 components


Aachen Cathedral Church of Saint Michael, Hildesheim, Germany](https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/e/e7/Hildesheim-St_Michaels_Church.outside.JPG/440px-Hildesheim-St_Michaels_Church.outside.JPG) Lübeck: Holstentor, Germany Cologne Cathedral, Germany](https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/a/af/K%C3%B6lner_Dom_-_Westfassade_2022_ohne_Ger%C3%BCst-0968.jpg/440px-Kölner_Dom_-_Westfassade_2022_ohne_Gerüst-0968.jpg) Old Stralsund Middle Rhine Valley: View from castle Schönburg to Oberwesel Bergpark Wilhelmshöhe: View towards Kassel

Official nameLocationCriteriaYearNotes
Aachen CathedralNorth Rhine-Westphalia, EifelCultural1978
Speyer CathedralRhineland-PalatinateCultural1981
Würzburg Residence with the Court Gardens and Residence SquareBavaria, Lower FranconiaCultural1981
Pilgrimage Church of WiesBavaria, Bavarian Swabia, SteingadenCultural1983
Castles of Augustusburg and Falkenlust at BrühlNorth Rhine-Westphalia, Cologne LowlandCultural1984
St. Mary's Cathedral and St. Michael's Church at HildesheimLower Saxony, Hanover RegionCultural1985
Roman Monuments, Cathedral of St. Peter and Church of Our Lady in TrierRhineland-PalatinateCultural1986
Frontiers of the Roman EmpireHesse, Bad HomburgCultural1987 (2005)Shared with UK, The two sections of the Limes in Germany cover a length of 550 km from the north-west of the country to the Danube in the south-east.
Hanseatic City of LübeckSchleswig-HolsteinCultural1987
Palaces and Parks of Potsdam and BerlinBerlinCultural1990
Abbey and Altenmünster of LorschHesseCultural1991
Mines of Rammelsberg, Historic Town of Goslar and Upper Harz Water Management SystemLower SaxonyCultural1992
Maulbronn Monastery ComplexBaden-Württemberg, PforzheimCultural1993
Old Town of BambergBavaria, FranconiaCultural1993
Collegiate Church, Castle, and Old Town of QuedlinburgSaxony-AnhaltCultural1994
Völklingen IronworksSaarlandCultural1994
Messel Pit Fossil SiteHesseNatural1995
Cologne CathedralNorth Rhine-Westphalia, Cologne LowlandCultural1996
Bauhaus and its Sites in Weimar and DessauThuringia; Saxony-AnhaltCultural1996
Luther Memorials in Eisleben and WittenbergSaxony-AnhaltCultural1996
Classical WeimarThuringiaCultural1998
Museumsinsel (Museum Island), BerlinBerlinCultural1999
Wartburg CastleThuringia, EisenachCultural1999
Garden Kingdom of Dessau-WörlitzSaxony-AnhaltCultural2000
Monastic Island of ReichenauBaden-WürttembergCultural2000
Zollverein Coal Mine Industrial Complex in EssenNorth Rhine-Westphalia, RuhrCultural2001
Historic Centres of Stralsund and WismarMecklenburg-Western PomeraniaCultural2002
Upper Middle Rhine ValleyRhineland-Palatinate and Hesse, between Koblenz and Bingen / RüdesheimCultural2002
Muskauer Park / Park MużakowskiSaxony, Upper LusatiaCultural2004shared with Poland
Town Hall and Roland on the Marketplace of BremenBremenCultural2004
Old town of Regensburg with StadtamhofBavaria, Upper PalatinateCultural2006
Berlin Modernism Housing EstatesBerlinCultural2008
Ancient and Primeval Beech Forests of the Carpathians and Other Regions of EuropeMecklenburg-Vorpommern, Brandenburg, Thuringia and HesseNatural2007enlarged in 2011, 2017 and 2021, shared with 17 other European countries
The Wadden Seaalong the coast of Lower Saxony and Schleswig-Holstein, including the East and North Frisian IslandsNatural2009shared with Netherlands, in 2014 extended to Denmark
Fagus Factory in AlfeldLower SaxonyCultural2011
Prehistoric Pile Dwellings around the AlpsBaden-Württemberg and BavariaCultural2011shared with Switzerland, Austria, France, Italy, Slovenia
Margravial Opera House BayreuthBavaria, FranconiaCultural2012
Bergpark WilhelmshöheNorth HesseCultural2013
Carolingian Westwork and Civitas CorveyTeutoburg ForestCultural2014
Speicherstadt and Kontorhaus District with ChilehausHamburgCultural2015
The Architectural Work of Le Corbusier, an Outstanding Contribution to the Modern MovementStuttgartCultural201617 sites, shared with Argentina, Belgium, France, India, Japan and Switzerland
Caves and Ice Age Art in the Swabian JuraSwabian MountainsCultural2017
Archaeological Border complex of Hedeby and the DanevirkeSchleswigCultural2018
Naumburg CathedralSaxony AnhaltCultural2018
Water Management System of AugsburgBavarian SwabiaCultural2019
Erzgebirge/Krušnohoří Mining RegionSaxonyCultural201917 sites in Germany, shared with the Czech Republic
Frontiers of the Roman Empire – The Danube Limes (Western Segment)Cultural2021shared with Austria and Slovakia
The Great Spa Towns of EuropeBad Ems, Bad Kissingen, Baden-BadenCultural202111 sites, shared with Austria, Belgium, the Czech Republic, France, Italy, and the United Kingdom
Mathildenhöhe DarmstadtHesseCultural2021
Frontiers of the Roman Empire – The Lower German LimesCultural2021shared with the Netherlands
ShUM Sites of Speyer, Worms and MainzRhineland-PalatinateCultural2021


Official nameLocationCriteriaYearNotes
Gorham's Cave ComplexGibraltarCultural2016


Acropolis, Athens Mt Athos Pythagoeion, Samos

Official nameLocationCriteriaYearNotes
Temple of Apollo Epicurius at BassaePeloponneseCultural1986
Archaeological Site of DelphiCentral GreeceCultural1987
Acropolis, AthensAtticaCultural1986
Medieval City of RhodesGreek IslandsCultural1988
MeteoraThessaly, GreeceMixed1988
Mount AthosNorthern GreeceMixed1988
Paleochristian and Byzantine Monuments of ThessalonikiNorthern GreeceCultural1988
Sanctuary of Asklepios at EpidaurusNafplioCultural1988
Archaeological Site of MystrasPeloponneseCultural1989
Archaeological Site of OlympiaPeloponneseCultural1989
Delos, CycladesGreek IslandsCultural1990
Monasteries of Daphni, Hossios Luckas and Nea Moni of ChiosCultural1990
Pythagoreion and Heraion of SamosGreek IslandsCultural1992
Archaeological Site of Aigai (modern name Vergina)Macedonia (Greece)Cultural1996
Archaeological Sites of Mycenae and TirynsPeloponneseCultural1999
Historic Centre (Chorá) with the Monastery of Saint John, PátmosGreek IslandsCultural1999
Old Town of CorfuGreek IslandsCultural2007
Archaeological Site of PhilippiEast MacedoniaCultural2016


Budapest Hortobágy National Park

Official nameLocationCriteriaYearNotes
Budapest, including the Banks of the Danube, the Buda Castle Quarter and Andrássy AvenueCentral HungaryCultural1987
Old Village of Hollókő and its SurroundingsNorthern HungaryCultural1987
Caves of Aggtelek Karst and Slovak KarstNorthern HungaryNatural1995shared with Slovakia
Millenary Benedictine Monastery of Pannonhalma and its Natural EnvironmentWestern TransdanubiaCultural1996
Hortobágy National Park - the PusztaNorthern Great PlainCultural1999
Early Christian Necropolis of Pécs (Sopianae)Southern TransdanubiaCultural2000
Fertő / Neusiedlersee Cultural LandscapeWestern TransdanubiaCultural2001shared with Austria
Tokaj Wine Region Cultural LandscapeNorthern HungaryCultural2002


Þingvellir National Park

Official nameLocationCriteriaYearNotes
Þingvellir National ParkSouth IcelandCultural2004
SurtseySouth IcelandNatural2008
Vatnajökull National Park - dynamic nature of fire and iceEast IcelandNatural2019


Official nameLocationCriteriaYearNotes
Archaeological Ensemble of the Bend of the BoyneEast Coast and MidlandsCultural1993
Sceilg MhichílSouthwest IrelandCultural1996


Piazza del Duomo, Pisa, Italy](https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/b/bc/Tower_of_pisa.JPG/440px-Tower_of_pisa.JPG) Venice and its Lagoon, Italy](https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/5/51/View_of_the_Grand_Canal_from_Rialto_to_Ca'Foscari.jpg/440px-View_of_the_Grand_Canal_from_Rialto_to_Ca'Foscari.jpg) Trulli of Alberobello, Italy](https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/2/2a/Trulli_2005.jpg/440px-Trulli_2005.jpg) Pompeii Cinque Terre The Basilica of Aquileia Villa d'Este, Tivoli Syracuse The Dolomites Mt Etna

Official nameLocationCriteriaYearNotes
Rock Drawings in ValcamonicaLombardyCultural1979
Church and Dominican Convent of Santa Maria delle Grazie with "The Last Supper" by "Leonardo da Vinci" in MilanLombardyCultural1979
Historic Centre of Rome, the Properties of the Holy See in that City Enjoying Extraterritorial Rights, and San Paolo Fuori le MuraLazioCultural1980shared with Vatican
Historic Centre of FlorenceTuscanyCultural1982
Piazza del Duomo, PisaTuscanyCultural1987
Venice and its LagoonVenetoCultural1987
Historic Centre of San GimignanoTuscanyCultural1990
The Sassi and the Park of the Rupestrian Churches of MateraBasilicataCultural1993
City of Vicenza and the Palladian Villas of the VenetoVenetoCultural1994
Crespi d'AddaLombardyCultural1995
Ferrara, City of the Renaissance and its Po DeltaEmilia-RomagnaCultural1995
Historic Centre of NaplesCampaniaCultural1995
Historic Centre of SienaTuscanyCultural1995
Castel del MonteAndriaCultural1996
Early Christian Monuments of RavennaEmilia-RomagnaCultural1996
Historic Centre of the City of PienzaTuscanyCultural1996
The Trulli of AlberobelloApuliaCultural1996
18th-Century Royal Palace at Caserta with the Park, the Aqueduct of Vanvitelli and the San Leucio ComplexCampaniaCultural1997
Archaeological Area of AgrigentoSicilyCultural1997
Archaeological Areas of Pompeii, Herculaneum, and Torre AnnunziataCampaniaCultural1997
Botanical Garden (Orto Botanico), PaduaVenetoCultural1997
Cathedral, Torre Civica and Piazza Grande, ModenaEmilia-RomagnaCultural1997
Costiera AmalfitanaCampaniaCultural1997
Portovenere, Cinque Terre, and the Islands (Palmaria, Tino and Tinetto)LiguriaCultural1997
Residences of the Royal House of SavoyPiedmont, in and around TurinCultural1997
Su Nuraxi di BaruminiSardiniaCultural1997a special type of defensive structure known as nuraghi
Villa Romana del CasaleSicily, Piazza ArmerinaCultural1997
Archaeological Area and the Patriarchal Basilica of AquileiaFriuli-Venezia GiuliaCultural1998
Cilento and Vallo di Diano National Park with the Archeological sites of Paestum and Velia, and the Certosa di PadulaCampaniaCultural1998
Historic Centre of UrbinoMarcheCultural1998
Villa Adriana, TivoliLazioCultural1999
Assisi, the Basilica of San Francesco and Other Franciscan SitesUmbriaCultural2000
City of VeronaVenetoCultural2000
Isole Eolie (Aeolian Islands)Sicily, MessinaNatural2000
Villa d'Este, TivoliLazioCultural2001
Late Baroque Towns of the Val di Noto (South-eastern Sicily)Sicily: Noto, Caltagirone, Militello Val di Catania, Catania, Modica, Palazzolo, Ragusa and ScicliCultural2002
Sacri Monti of Piedmont and LombardyPiedmont and LombardyCultural2003
Monte San GiorgioLombardyNatural2003shared with Switzerland
Etruscan Necropolises of Cerveteri and TarquiniaLazioCultural2004
Val d'OrciaTuscanyCultural2004
Syracuse and the Rocky Necropolis of PantalicaSicilyCultural2005
Genoa: Le Strade Nuove and the system of the Palazzi dei RolliLiguriaCultural2006
Ancient and Primeval Beech Forests of the Carpathians and Other Regions of EuropeNatural2007enlarged in 2011, 2017 and 2021, shared with 17 other European countries
Mantua and SabbionetaLombardyCultural2008
Rhaetian Railway in the Albula /Bernina LandscapesLombardyCultural2008shared with Switzerland
The DolomitesTrentino-Alto AdigeNatural2009
Longobards in Italy, Places of Power (568–774 A.D.)Brescia, Cividale del Friuli (province of Udine), Castelseprio (province of Varese), Spoleto and Campello sul Clitunno (province of Perugia), Benevento (in Campania) and Monte Sant'Angelo (province of Foggia)Cultural2011Monasteries, churches and fortresses associated with the Longobards who settled in Italy in that period of time.
Prehistoric Pile dwellings around the AlpsCultural2011shared with Switzerland, Austria, France, Germany, Slovenia
Medici Villas and GardensTuscanyCultural2013
Mount EtnaSicilyNatural2013
The Vineyard Landscape of Piedmont: Langhe-Roero and MonferratoNorthwest ItalyCultural2014
Arab-Norman Palermo and the Cathedral Churches of Cefalù and MonrealeSicilyCultural2015
Venetian Works of Defence between 15th and 17th centuries: Stato da Terra – western Stato da MarBergamo, Peschiera del Garda, PalmanovaCultural20176 sites, shared with Croatia and Montenegro
Ivrea, industrial city of the 20th centuryPiedmontCultural2018
Le Colline del Prosecco di Conegliano e ValdobbiadeneTreviso (province)Cultural2019
Padua’s fourteenth-century fresco cyclesPadova (province)Cultural2021
The Great Spa Towns of EuropeMontecatini TermeCultural202111 sites, shared with Austria, Belgium, the Czech Republic, France, Germany, and the United Kingdom
The Porticoes of BolognaEmilia-RomagnaCultural2021


Official nameLocationCriteriaYearNotes
Medieval Monuments in KosovoGračanica (Kosovo), Peja, Prizren, DeçanCultural2004in danger


Town square, Riga

Official nameLocationCriteriaYearNotes
Historic Centre of RigaRiga regionCultural1997
Struve Geodetic ArcVidzeme, ZemgaleCultural2005shared with Belarus, Estonia, Finland, Lithuania, Moldova, Norway, Russia, Sweden, Ukraine


Curonian Spit Struve Geodetic Arc

Official nameLocationCriteriaYearNotes
Vilnius Historic CentreDzūkijaCultural1994
Curonian SpitLithuania MinorCultural2000shared with Russia
Kernavė Archaeological Site (Cultural Reserve of Kernavė)DzūkijaCultural2004
Struve Geodetic ArcAukštaitija, DzūkijaCultural2005shared with Belarus, Estonia, Finland, Latvia, Moldova, Norway, Russia, Sweden, Ukraine


Official nameLocationCriteriaYearNotes
City of Luxembourg: its Old Quarters and FortificationsLuxembourgCultural1994



Official nameLocationCriteriaYearNotes
City of VallettaMalta IslandCultural1980
Hal Saflieni HypogeumMalta IslandCultural1980
Megalithic Temples of MaltaMalta Island, GozoCultural1980


Official nameLocationCriteriaYearNotes
Struve Geodetic ArcCultural2005shared with Belarus, Estonia, Finland, Latvia, Lithuania, Norway, Russia, Sweden, Ukraine


Durmitor National Park

Official nameLocationCriteriaYearNotes
Durmitor National ParkNorth Montenegrin MountainsNatural1980
Natural and Culturo-Historical Region of KotorBay of KotorCultural1979
Stećci Medieval Tombstones GraveyardsCultural201628 sites, shared with Bosnia and Herzegovina, Croatia and Serbia
Venetian Works of Defence between 15th and 17th centuries: Stato da Terra – western Stato da MarKotorCultural20176 sites, shared with Croatia and Italy


Kinderdijk The canals of Amsterdam

Official nameLocationCriteriaYearNotes
Schokland and SurroundingsNoordoostpolderCultural1995
Defence Line of AmsterdamGelderland, North Brabant, North Holland and UtrechtCultural1996Expanded in 2021 with the addition of the Nieuwe Hollandse Waterlinie.
Historic Area of Willemstad, Inner City and Harbour, CuraçaoCuraçaoCultural1997Officially listed under the Netherlands
Mill Network at Kinderdijk-ElshoutKinderdijkCultural1997
Ir.D.F. Woudagemaal (D.F. Wouda Steam Pumping Station)LemmerCultural1998
Droogmakerij de Beemster (Beemster Polder)BeemsterCultural1999
Rietveld Schröderhuis (Rietveld Schröder House)UtrechtCultural2000
The Wadden SeaWest Frisian Islands, Hogeland coast and Frisian coastNatural2009shared with Germany and since 2014 with Denmark
Seventeenth-century canal ring area of Amsterdam inside the SingelgrachtAmsterdamCultural2010
Van NellefabriekRotterdamCultural2014
Frontiers of the Roman Empire – The Lower German LimesGelderland, South Holland and UtrechtCultural2021shared with Germany
Colonies of Benevolence (Koloniën van Weldadigheid)Veenhuizen and Drenthse Veenkoloniën, DrentheCultural2021Along with the colony of the same kind in Merksplas and Wortel-Kolonie, Belgium.

North Macedonia

Ohrid Region, North Macedonia](https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/0/08/Ohrid_viewed_from_lake.jpg/440px-Ohrid_viewed_from_lake.jpg)

Official nameLocationCriteriaYearNotes
Natural and Cultural Heritage of the Ohrid regionWestern North MacedoniaMixed1979extended in 2019, shared with Albania
Ancient and Primeval Beech Forests of the Carpathians and Other Regions of Europe (Dlaboka Reka Beech Forest within Mavrovo National Park)Western North MacedoniaNatural2021shared with multiple other European countries


Bryggen West Norwegian Fjords

Official nameLocationCriteriaYearNotes
Urnes Stave ChurchLusterCultural1979
Rock Art of AltaNorthern NorwayCultural1985
Vegaøyan - The Vega ArchipelagoNorthern NorwayCultural2004
Røros Mining Town and the CircumferenceMiddle NorwayCultural1980
Struve Geodetic ArcFinnmarkCultural2005shared with Belarus, Estonia, Finland, Latvia, Lithuania, Moldova, Russia, Sweden, Ukraine
West Norwegian Fjords - Geiranger and NærøyfjordNatural2005
Rjukan-Notodden Industrial Heritage SiteTelemarkCultural2015


Krakow's Historic Centre Historic Centre of Warsaw, Poland](https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/3/3d/Var%C5%A1ava%2C_%C5%9Ar%C3%B3dmie%C5%9Bcie%2C_Rynek_Starego_Miasta.JPG/440px-Varšava,_Śródmieście,_Rynek_Starego_Miasta.JPG) Kalwaria Zebrzydowska

Official nameLocationCriteriaYearNotes
Belovezhskaya Pushcha / Białowieża ForestPodlachiaNatural1979shared with Belarus, extended in 2014
Krakow's Historic CentreLesser PolandCultural1978
Wieliczka and Bochnia Royal Salt MinesLesser PolandCultural1978, extension 2013
Auschwitz Birkenau: German Nazi Concentration and Extermination Camp (1940-1945)Lesser PolandCultural1979
Historic Centre of WarsawMasoviaCultural1980
Old City of ZamośćLesser PolandCultural1992
Castle of the Teutonic Order in MalborkPomeraniaCultural1997
Medieval Town of ToruńPomeraniaCultural1997
Kalwaria Zebrzydowska: the Mannerist Architectural and Park Landscape Complex and Pilgrimage ParkLesser PolandCultural1999
Churches of Peace in Jawor and ŚwidnicaSilesiaCultural2001
Wooden Churches of Southern Little PolandLesser PolandCultural2003
Muskauer Park / Park MużakowskiGreater PolandCultural2004shared with Germany
Centennial Hall in WrocławSilesiaCultural2006
Wooden Tserkvas of the Carpathian Region in Poland and UkraineLesser Poland, SubcarpathiaCultural2013shared with Ukraine
Tarnowskie Góry Lead-Silver-Zinc Mine and its Underground Water Management SystemSilesian VoivodeshipCultural2017
Krzemionki prehistoric striped flint mining regionSwietokrzyskieCultural2019


Belém Tower Alto Douro Wine Region, Portugal](https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/7/76/Douro_Valley_Regua.jpg/440px-Douro_Valley_Regua.jpg)

Official nameLocationCriteriaYearNotes
Central Zone of the Town of Angra do Heroísmo in the AzoresAzores, TerceiraCultural1983
Convent of Christ in TomarAlentejoCultural1983
Monastery of BatalhaCentral PortugalCultural1983
Monastery of the Hieronymites and Tower of Belem in LisbonLisbon RegionCultural1983
Historic Centre of ÉvoraCentral PortugalCultural1986
Monastery of AlcobaçaAlentejoCultural1989
Cultural Landscape of SintraLisbon RegionCultural1995
Historic Centre of OportoNorthern PortugalCultural1996
Prehistoric Rock-Art Sites in the Côa Valley and Siega VerdeAlentejoCultural1998shared with Spain
Laurisilva of MadeiraMadeiraNatural1999
Alto Douro Wine RegionNorthern PortugalCultural2001
Historic Centre of GuimarãesNorthern PortugalCultural2001
Landscape of the Pico Island Vineyard CultureAzoresCultural2004
Garrison Border Town of Elvas and its FortificationsCentral PortugalCultural2012
University of Coimbra – Alta and SofiaCentral PortugalCultural2013
Royal Building of Mafra – Palace, Basilica, Convent, Cerco Garden and Hunting Park (Tapada)Lisbon RegionCultural2019
Sanctuary of Bom Jesus do Monte in BragaNorthern PortugalCultural2019


Danube Delta Villages with fortified churches in Transsylvania

Official nameLocationCriteriaYearNotes
Danube DeltaDobrujaNatural1991
Churches of MoldaviaMoldaviaCultural1993including some of the Painted Monasteries
Monastery of HorezuOlteniaCultural1993
Villages with Fortified Churches in TransylvaniaTransylvaniaCultural1993
Dacian Fortresses of the Orastie MountainsTransylvaniaCultural1999see also Sarmizegetusa
Historic Centre of SighişoaraTransylvaniaCultural1999
Wooden Churches of MaramureşMaramureşCultural1999
Ancient and Primeval Beech Forests of the Carpathians and Other Regions of EuropeNatural2007enlarged in 2011, 2017 and 2021, shared with 17 other European countries
Roșia Montană Mining LandscapeAlba CountyCultural2021


Kremlin and Red Square, Russia](https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/3/3f/Moscow_Red_Square.jpg/440px-Moscow_Red_Square.jpg) Virgin Komi forests Kazan Kremlin Jaroslavl's Historic Centre See also the list of Russian sites in Asia.

Official nameLocationCriteriaYearNotes
Historic Centre of Saint Petersburg and Related Groups of MonumentsNorthwestern RussiaCultural1990
Kizhi PogostNorthwestern RussiaCultural1990
Kremlin and Red Square, MoscowCentral RussiaCultural1990
Cultural and Historic Ensemble of the Solovetsky IslandsNorthwestern Russia, Arkhangelsk OblastCultural1992
Historic Monuments of Novgorod and SurroundingsNorthwestern RussiaCultural1992
White Monuments of Vladimir and SuzdalCentral RussiaCultural1992
Architectural Ensemble of the Trinity Sergius Lavra in Sergiev PosadCentral RussiaCultural1993
Church of the Ascension, KolomenskoyeCentral Russia, Moscow OblastCultural1994
Virgin Komi ForestsNorthwestern Russia, Komi RepublicNatural1995
Western CaucasusSouthern RussiaNatural1999
Curonian SpitKaliningrad OblastCultural2000shared with Lithuania
Ensemble of the Ferapontov MonasteryNorthwestern Russia, Vologda Oblast, FerapontovoCultural2000
Historic and Architectural Complex of the Kazan KremlinVolga Region, TatarstanCultural2000
Citadel, Ancient City and Fortress Buildings of DerbentSouthern Russia, DagestanCultural2003
Ensemble of the Novodevichy ConventCentral RussiaCultural2004
Historical Centre of the City of YaroslavlCentral Russia,Cultural2005
Struve Geodetic ArcGogland Island (Leningrad Oblast)Cultural2005shared with Belarus, Estonia, Finland, Latvia, Lithuania, Moldova, Norway, Sweden, Ukraine
Bolgar Historical and Archaeological ComplexTatarstanCultural2014
Assumption Cathedral and Monastery of the town-island of SviyazhskTatarstanCultural2017
Churches of the Pskov School of ArchitectureNorthwestern RussiaCultural2019
Petroglyphs of Lake Onega and the White SeaKareliaCultural2021

San Marino

Official nameLocationCriteriaYearNotes
San Marino Historic Centre and Monte TitanoCultural2008


Studenica Monastery

Official nameLocationCriteriaYearNotes
Stari Ras and SopocaniNovi PazarCultural1979
Studenica MonasteryŠumadijaCultural1986
Medieval Monuments in KosovoGračanica (Kosovo), Peja, Prizren, DeçanCultural2004in danger
Gamzigrad-Romuliana, Palace of GaleriusPodunavljeCultural2007
Stećci Medieval Tombstones GraveyardsCultural201628 sites, shared with Bosnia and Herzegovina, Croatia and Montenegro


Banska Stiavnica

Official nameLocationCriteriaYearNotes
Historic Town of Banská Štiavnica and the Technical Monuments in its VicinityCentral SlovakiaCultural1993
Levoča, Spišský Hrad and the Associated Cultural MonumentsEastern SlovakiaCultural1993
VlkolínecCentral SlovakiaCultural1993
Caves of the Aggtelek Karst and Slovak KarstEastern SlovakiaNatural1995shared with Hungary
Bardejov Town Conservation ReserveEastern SlovakiaCultural2000
Ancient and Primeval Beech Forests of the Carpathians and Other Regions of EuropeNatural2007enlarged in 2011, 2017 and 2021, shared with 17 other European countries
Wooden Churches of the Slovak part of the Carpathian Mountain AreaCultural2008List consist of two Roman Catholic, three Protestant and three Greek Orthodox churches built between the 16th and 18th centuries.
Frontiers of the Roman Empire – The Danube Limes (Western Segment)Cultural2021shared with Austria and Germany


Skojcan Caves

Official nameLocationCriteriaYearNotes
Skocjan CavesCoast and Karst near DivačaNatural1986
Ancient and Primeval Beech Forests of the Carpathians and Other Regions of EuropeNatural2007enlarged in 2011, 2017 and 2021, shared with 17 other European countries
Prehistoric Pile Dwellings around the AlpsCultural2011shared with Switzerland, Austria, France, Germany, Italy
Heritage of Mercury. Almadén and IdrijaJulian AlpsCultural2012shared with Spain
The works of Jože Plečnik in Ljubljana – Human Centred Urban DesignCentral SloveniaCultural2021


Alhambra Old town of Segovia and its Aqueduct Historic City of Toledo, Spain](https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/2/26/Toledo_Skyline_Panorama%2C_Spain_-_Dec_2006.jpg/440px-Toledo_Skyline_Panorama,_Spain_-_Dec_2006.jpg) Poblet Monastery Rock Art of the Mediterranean Basin on the Iberian Peninsula Archeological Ensemble of Tárraco Vizcaya Bridge

Official nameLocationCriteriaYearNotes
Alhambra, Generalife and Albayzin, GranadaAndalusiaCultural1984
Burgos CathedralCastile and LeonCultural1984
Historic Centre of CordobaAndalusiaCultural1984
Monastery and Site of the Escurial, MadridCommunity of MadridCultural1984
Works of Antoni GaudíCataloniaCultural1984
Cave of Altamira and Paleolithic Cave Art of Northern SpainCantabriaCultural1985
Monuments of Oviedo and the Kingdom of the AsturiasAsturiasCultural1985
Old Town of Ávila, with its Extra-Muros churchesCastile and LeonCultural1985
Old Town of Segovia and its AqueductCastile-LeonCultural1985
Santiago de Compostela (Old Town)GaliciaCultural1985
La PalmaCanary IslandsNatural2002
Garajonay National ParkLa Gomera (Canary Islands)Natural1986
Historic City of ToledoCastile-La ManchaCultural1986
Mudejar Architecture of AragonAragonCultural1986
Old Town of CáceresExtremaduraCultural1986
Cathedral, Alcazar and Archivo de Indias in SevilleAndalusiaCultural1987
Old City of SalamancaCastile-LeonCultural1988
Poblet MonasteryCataloniaCultural1991
Archaeological Ensemble of MéridaExtremaduraCultural1993
Route to Santiago de CompostelaCultural1993
Historic Walled Town of CuencaCastile-La ManchaCultural1996
La Lonja de la Seda de ValenciaValenciaCultural1996
Las MédulasCastile and LeonCultural1997
Palau de la Música Catalana and Hospital de Sant Pau, BarcelonaCataloniaCultural1997
Pyrénées: Mont PerduAragonMixed1997shared with France
San Millán Yuso and Suso MonasteriesLa RiojaCultural1997
Prehistoric Rock-Art Sites in the Côa Valley and Siega VerdeExtremaduraCultural1998shared with Portugal
Rock Art of the Mediterranean Basin on the Iberian PeninsulaAndalusia, Aragón, Castille-La Mancha, Catalonia, Murcia and ValenciaCultural1998
University and Historic Precinct of Alcalá de HenaresCommunity of MadridCultural1998
Ibiza, Biodiversity and CultureBalearic IslandsMixed1999
San Cristóbal de La LagunaTenerife (Canary Islands)Cultural1999
Archaeological Ensemble of TárracoCataloniaCultural2000
Archaeological Site of AtapuercaCastile-LeonCultural2000
Catalan Romanesque Churches of the Vall de BoíCataloniaCultural2000
Palmeral of ElcheValenciaCultural2000
Roman Walls of LugoGaliciaCultural2000
Aranjuez Cultural LandscapeCommunity of MadridCultural2001
Renaissance Monumental Ensembles of Úbeda and BaezaJaén, AndalusiaCultural2003
Vizcaya BridgeBasque Country, BilbaoCultural2006
Teide National ParkTenerife (Canary Islands)Natural2007
Ancient and Primeval Beech Forests of the Carpathians and Other Regions of EuropeNatural2007enlarged in 2011, 2017 and 2021, shared with 17 other European countries
Tower of HerculesGaliciaCultural2009
Cultural Landscape of the Serra de TramuntanaMallorca (Balearic Islands)Cultural2011
Heritage of Mercury Almadén and IdrijaCastile-La ManchaCultural2012shared with Slovenia
Antequera Dolmens SiteAndalusiaCultural2016
Caliphate City of Medina AzaharaCórdoba (province, Spain)Cultural2018
Risco Caido and the Sacred Mountains of Gran Canaria Cultural LandscapeCanary IslandsCultural2019
Paseo del Prado and Buen Retiro, a landscape of Arts and SciencesMadridCultural2021


Drottningholm Castle Hanseatic town of Visby Decorated farmhouses of Hälsingland

Official nameLocationCriteriaYearNotes
Royal Domain of DrottningholmEkerö (Stockholm)Cultural1991
Birka and HovgårdenStockholm, Ekerö in lake MälarenCultural1993
Engelsberg IronworksVästmanland, FagerstaCultural1993
Rock Carvings in TanumBohuslänCultural1994
SkogskyrkogårdenStockholm/SöderortCultural1994(The Woodland Cemetery)
Hanseatic town of VisbyGotlandCultural1995
Church Village of Gammelstad, LuleåNorrbottenCultural1996
Laponian AreaLaplandMixed1996
Naval Port of KarlskronaBlekingeCultural1998
Agricultural Landscape of Southern ÖlandÖlandCultural2000
High Coast / Kvarken ArchipelagoÅngermanlandNatural2000shared with Finland
Mining Area of the Great Copper Mountain in FalunSvealandCultural2001
Varberg Radio StationHallandCultural2004
Struve Geodetic ArcNorrbotten CountyCultural2005shared with Belarus, Estonia, Finland, Latvia, Lithuania, Moldova, Norway, Russia, Ukraine
Decorated Farmhouses of HälsinglandHälsinglandCultural2012


Old city of Berne Vineyard Terraces of Lavaux

Official nameLocationCriteriaYearNotes
Benedictine Convent of St. John at MüstairGraubündenCultural1983
Convent of St. GallNortheastern SwitzerlandCultural1983
Old City of BerneBerne RegionCultural1983
Three Castles, Defensive Wall and Ramparts of the Market-town of BellinzonaTicinoCultural2000
Swiss Alps Jungfrau-AletschBernese Highlands, ValaisNatural2001
Monte San GiorgioTicino, near LuganoNatural2003shared with Italy
Lavaux, Vineyard TerracesLake GenevaCultural2007
Rhaetian Railway in the Albula / Bernina LandscapesGraubündenCultural2008shared with Italy
Swiss Tectonic Arena SardonaNortheastern SwitzerlandNatural2008
La Chaux-de-Fonds / Le Locle, Watchmaking Town PlanningJura Mountains and FribourgCultural2009
Prehistoric Pile dwellings around the AlpsSwiss AlpsCultural2011shared with Austria, France, Germany, Italy, Slovenia
The Architectural Work of Le Corbusier, an Outstanding Contribution to the Modern MovementGeneva, CorseauxCultural201617 sites, shared with Argentina, Belgium, France, Germany, India and Japan


Saint Sofia Cathedral, Kyiv Residence of Bukovinian and Dalmatian Metropolitans

Official nameLocationCriteriaYearNotes
Kyiv: Saint Sophia Cathedral and Related Monastic Buildings, Kyiv-Pechersk LavraCentral UkraineCultural1990
Lviv - the Ensemble of the Historic CenterWestern UkraineCultural1998
Struve Geodetic ArcWestern Ukraine, Southern UkraineCultural2005shared with Belarus, Estonia, Finland, Latvia, Lithuania, Moldova, Norway, Russia, Sweden
Ancient and Primeval Beech Forests of the Carpathians and Other Regions of EuropeWestern Ukraine, around RakhivNatural2007enlarged in 2011, 2017 and 2021, shared with 17 other European countries
Residence of Bukovinian and Dalmatian MetropolitansWestern Ukraine, ChernivtsiCultural2005
Ancient City of Tauric Chersonese and its ChoraCrimea, SevastopolCultural2013
Wooden Tserkvas of the Carpathian Region in Poland and UkraineWestern UkraineCultural2013shared with Poland

United Kingdom

Harlech Castle Durham Castle and Cathedral](https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/6/66/Durham_Cathedral_and_Castle.jpg/440px-Durham_Cathedral_and_Castle.jpg) The Palace of Westminster Durdle Door on the Jurassic Coast, Dorset

Official nameLocationCriteriaYearNotes
Castles and Town Walls of King Edward in GwyneddNorth WalesCultural1986Caernarfon Castle, Conwy Castle, Beaumaris Castle & Harlech Castle
Durham Castle and CathedralDurhamCultural1986
Giant's Causeway and Causeway CoastCounty AntrimNatural1986
Ironbridge GorgeTelfordCultural1986
St KildaOuter HebridesMixed1986
Stonehenge, Avebury and Associated SitesWiltshireCultural1986
Studley Royal Park including the Ruins of Fountains AbbeyNorth Yorkshire near Ripon and HarrogateCultural1986
Blenheim PalaceOxfordshireCultural1987
City of BathSomersetCultural1987
Frontiers of the Roman EmpireCumbria, Northumberland and Tyne and WearCultural1987Otherwise known as Hadrian's Wall. Shared with Germany
Westminster Palace, Westminster Abbey and Saint Margaret's ChurchLondon/WestminsterCultural1987
Canterbury Cathedral, St Augustine's Abbey, and St Martin's ChurchCanterburyCultural1987
Tower of LondonLondonCultural1988
Old and New Towns of EdinburghEdinburghCultural1995
Maritime GreenwichLondon/GreenwichCultural1997
Heart of Neolithic OrkneyOrkney IslandsCultural1999
Blaenavon Industrial LandscapeSouth WalesCultural2000
Derwent Valley Mills, Belper and CromfordDerbyshireCultural2001
Jurassic CoastDevon and DorsetNatural2001
New LanarkClydesdale, near GlasgowCultural2001
Royal Botanic Gardens, KewLondon/Richmond-KewCultural2003
Cornwall and West Devon Mining LandscapeWest CountryCultural2006
Pontcysyllte Aqueduct and CanalChirkCultural2009
The Forth BridgeSouth QueensferryCultural2015
The English Lake DistrictCumbriaCultural2017
Jodrell Bank ObservatoryHolmes ChapelCultural2019
Slate Landscape of Northwest WalesGwyneddCultural2021Six locations with quarries, mines, and associated structures (railways, workers' housing, and amenities)
The Great Spa Towns of EuropeBathCultural202111 sites, shared with Austria, Belgium, the Czech Republic, France, Germany, and Italy

Vatican City

Vatican City

Official nameLocationCriteriaYearNotes
Historic Centre of Rome, the Properties of the Holy See in that City Enjoying Extraterritorial Rights and San Paolo Fuori le MuraRomeCultural1980shared with Italy
Vatican CityRomeCultural1984The only entire country to be UNESCO-listed

North America

Antigua and Barbuda

Official nameLocationCriteriaYearNotes
Antigua Naval Dockyard and Related Archaeological SitesEnglish HarbourCultural2016


Historic Bridgetown

Official nameLocationCriteriaYearNotes
Historic Bridgetown and its GarrisonBridgetownCultural2011


Official nameLocationCriteriaYearNotes
Belize Barrier Reef Reserve SystemToledo, Stann Creek and Belize District, BelizeNatural1996Listed as in danger since 2009


Historic town of St George

Official nameLocationCriteriaYearNotes
Historic Town of St George and Related Fortifications, BermudaSaint GeorgeCultural2000Officially listed under the United Kingdom


Canadian Rocky Mountain Parks (Banff National Park), Canada Old town, Quebec City Rideau Canal, downtown Ottawa

Official nameLocationCriteriaYearNotes
L’Anse aux Meadows National Historic SiteSt. Anthony, NewfoundlandCultural1978
Nahanni National ParkNorthwest TerritoriesNatural1978
Dinosaur Provincial ParkSouthern Alberta, near BrooksNatural1979
Kluane / Wrangell-St. Elias / Glacier Bay / Tatshenshini-AlsekKluane National Park and Tatshenshini-Alsek Provincial ParkNatural1979Extended in 1992 and 1994; shared with the United States of America
Head-Smashed-In Buffalo Jumpnear Fort MacleodCultural1981
SGang GwaayGwaii Haanas National Park ReserveCultural1981
Wood Buffalo National ParkNortheastern Alberta, Northwest TerritoriesNatural1983
Canadian Rocky Mountain ParksBanff National ParkHamber Provincial ParkJasper National ParkKootenay National Park
Historic District of Old QuébecQuebec CityCultural1985
Gros Morne National ParkWestern NewfoundlandNatural1987
Old Town LunenburgLunenburgCultural1995
Waterton Glacier International Peace ParkWaterton Lakes National ParkNatural1995Shared with the United States of America
Miguasha National ParkGaspé PeninsulaNatural1999
Rideau Canal and FortificationsEastern OntarioCultural2007
Joggins Fossil CliffsCumberland County, Nova ScotiaNatural2008
Landscape of Grand PréAnnapolis Valley, Nova ScotiaCultural2012
Red Bay Basque Whaling StationRed Bay, LabradorCultural2013
Mistaken PointAvalon Peninsula, NewfoundlandNatural2016
Pimachiowin AkiNorthern Ontario, Eastern ManitobaMixed2018
Writing-on-Stone / Áísínai’piSouthern AlbertaCultural2019

Costa Rica

La Amistad International Park

Official nameLocationCriteriaYearNotes
Talamanca Range-La Amistad Reserves / La Amistad National ParkLa Amistad International ParkNatural1983Extended in 1990; shared with Panama
Cocos Island National ParkCocos IslandNatural1997Extended in 2002
Area de Conservación GuanacasteGuanacasteNatural1999Extended in 2004
Precolumbian chiefdom settlements with stone spheres of the DiquísSouth Pacific Costa RicaCultural2014


Old Havana Viñales Valley

Official nameLocationCriteriaYearNotes
Old Havana and its FortificationsHavanaCultural1982
Trinidad and the Valley de los IngeniosTrinidad and Sancti SpíritusCultural1988
San Pedro de la Roca Castle, Santiago de CubaSantiago de Cuba ProvinceCultural1997
Desembarco del Granma National ParkGranmaNatural1999
=Viñales ValleyViñalesCultural1999
Archaeological Landscape of the First Coffee Plantations in the South-East of CubaSierra MaestraCultural2000
Alejandro de Humboldt National ParkHolguin and Guantánamo ProvincesNatural2001
Urban Historic Centre of CienfuegosCienfuegosCultural2005
Historic Centre of CamagüeyCamagüeyCultural2008



Official nameLocationCriteriaYearNotes
Historic Area of Willemstad, Inner City and Harbour, CuraçaoWillemstadCultural1997Officially listed under the Netherlands


Official nameLocationCriteriaYearNotes
Morne Trois Pitons National ParkDominicaNatural1997

Dominican Republic

Official nameLocationCriteriaYearNotes
Colonial City of Santo DomingoSanto DomingoCultural1990

El Salvador

Official nameLocationCriteriaYearNotes
Joya de Cerén Archaeological SiteLa LibertadCultural1993


Ilulissat Icefjord

Official nameLocationCriteriaYearNotes
Ilulissat IcefjordIlulissatNatural2004Officially listed under Denmark
Kujataa Greenland: Norse and Inuit Farming at the Edge of the Ice CapSouthern GreenlandCultural2004Officially listed under Denmark. Made up of 5 components.
Aasivissuit – Nipisat. Inuit Hunting Ground between Ice and SeaWestern GreenlandCultural2018Officially listed under Denmark


Tikal National Park, Guatemala

Official nameLocationCriteriaYearNotes
Antigua GuatemalaAntigua GuatemalaCultural1979
Tikal National ParkTikalMixed1979
Archaeological Park and Ruins of QuiriguaQuiriguaCultural1981


Official nameLocationCriteriaYearNotes
National History Park – Citadel, Sans Souci, RamiersMilotCultural1982


Official nameLocationCriteriaYearNotes
Maya Site of CopanCopán RuinasCultural1980
Río Plátano Biosphere ReserveCaribbean HondurasNatural1982Listed as in danger since 2011


Official nameLocationCriteriaYearNotes
Blue and John Crow MountainsBlue MountainsMixed2015


Pre-Hispanic City and National Park of Palenque, Mexico El Tajin, Mexico Archeological zone of Paquimé Franciscan Missions in the Sierra Gorda of Querétaro Monarch Butterfly Biosphere Reserve

Official nameLocationCriteriaYearNotes
Historic Centre of Mexico City and XochimilcoCentro Historico, Mexico City and XochimilcoCultural1987
Historic Centre of Oaxaca and Archaeological Site of Monte AlbánOaxaca and Monte AlbanCultural1987
Historic Centre of PueblaPueblaCultural1987
Pre-Hispanic City and National Park of PalenquePalenqueCultural1987
Pre-Hispanic City of TeotihuacanTeotihuacanCultural1987
Sian Ka'an Biosphere ReserveQuintana RooNatural1987
Historic Town of Guanajuato and Adjacent MinesGuanajuatoCultural1988
Pre-Hispanic City of Chichen-ItzaChichen ItzaCultural1988
Historic Centre of MoreliaMoreliaCultural1991
El Tajin, Pre-Hispanic CityEl TajinCultural1992
Historic Centre of ZacatecasZacatecasCultural1993
Rock Paintings of the Sierra de San FranciscoBaja California SurCultural1993
Whale Sanctuary of El VizcainoBaja California SurNatural1993
Earliest 16th-Century Monasteries on the Slopes of PopocatepetlPuebla, Morelos, and Tlaxcala StatesCultural1994
Historic Monuments Zone of QuerétaroQuerétaroCultural1996
Pre-Hispanic Town of UxmalUxmalCultural1996
Hospicio Cabañas, GuadalajaraGuadalajaraCultural1997
Archaeological Zone of Paquimé, Casas GrandesPaquimeCultural1998
Historic Monuments Zone of TlacotalpanTlacotalpanCultural1998
Archaeological Monuments Zone of XochicalcoXochicalco, Morelos StateCultural1999
Historic Fortified Town of CampecheCampecheCultural1999
Ancient Maya City and Protected Tropical Forests of Calakmul, CampecheCampeche StateMixed2002Cultural heritage since 2002, extended to mixed in 2014
Franciscan Missions in the Sierra Gorda of QuerétaroQuerétaro StateCultural2003
Luis Barragán House and StudioMexico City/ChapultepecCultural2004
Islands and Protected Areas of the Gulf of CaliforniaBaja California, Sonora, Sinaloa and Nayarit StatesNatural2005
Agave Landscape and Ancient Industrial Facilities of TequilaTequilaCultural2006
Central University City Campus of the Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México (UNAM)Mexico City/CoyoacánCultural2007
Monarch Butterfly Biosphere ReserveAngangueoNatural2008
Protective town of San Miguel and the Sanctuary of Jesús Nazareno de AtotonilcoSan Miguel de Allende and GuanajuatoCultural2008
Camino Real de Tierra AdentroMexicoCultural2010
Prehistoric Caves of Yagul and Mitla in the Central Valley of OaxacaOaxaca StateCultural2010
El Pinacate and Gran Desierto de Altar Biosphere ReserveSonoraNatural2013
Aqueduct of Padre Tembleque Hydraulic SystemHidalgo and Mexico StateCultural2015
Archipiélago de RevillagigedoColimaNatural2016
Tehuacán-Cuicatlán Valley: originary habitat of MesoamericaOaxaca (state), Puebla (state)Mixed2018


León Cathedral

Official nameLocationCriteriaYearNotes
Ruins of León Viejonear LeónCultural2000
León CathedralLeónCultural2011


Collared Aracari, Darien National Park

Official nameLocationCriteriaYearNotes
Fortifications on the Caribbean Side of Panama: Portobelo-San LorenzoPortobelo and San LorenzoCultural1980Listed as in danger since 2012
Darien National ParkEastern PanamaNatural1981
Talamanca Range-La Amistad Reserves / La Amistad National ParkLa Amistad International ParkNatural1983Extended in 1990; shared with Costa Rica
Archaeological Site of Panamá Viejo and Historic District of PanamáPanama CityCultural1997Extended in 2003
Coiba National Park and its Special Zone of Marine ProtectionCoiba National Marine ParkNatural2005

Puerto Rico

San Juan National Historic Site

Official nameLocationCriteriaYearNotes
La Fortaleza and San Juan National Historic Site in Puerto RicoSan JuanCultural1983Officially listed under the United States of America

Saint Kitts and Nevis

Brimstone Hill

Official nameLocationCriteriaYearNotes
Brimstone Hill Fortress National ParkSaint KittsCultural1999

Saint Lucia

Official nameLocationCriteriaYearNotes
Pitons Management Areanear SoufriereNatural2004

United States of America

Yellowstone National Park, United States Independence Hall, United States Statue of Liberty

Official nameLocationCriteriaYearNotes
Mesa Verde National ParkColoradoCultural1978
Yellowstone National ParkWyomingNatural1978
Everglades National ParkFloridaNatural1979in danger since 2010
Grand Canyon National ParkArizonaNatural1979
Independence HallPennsylvania, Philadelphia, Old CityCultural1979
Kluane / Wrangell-St. Elias / Glacier Bay / Tatshenshini-AlsekAlaskaNatural1979Extended in 1992 and 1994; shared with Canada
Redwood National and State ParksCaliforniaNatural1980
Mammoth Cave National ParkKentuckyNatural1981
Olympic National ParkWashingtonNatural1981
Cahokia Mounds State Historic SiteIllinoisCultural1982
Great Smoky Mountains National ParkTennessee and North CarolinaNatural1983
Statue of LibertyNew York City, Financial DistrictCultural1984
Yosemite National ParkCaliforniaNatural1984
Chaco CultureNew MexicoCultural1987
Hawaii Volcanoes National ParkHawaii, Big IslandNatural1987
Monticello and the University of Virginia in CharlottesvilleVirginiaCultural1987
Taos PuebloNew Mexico, TaosCultural1992
Carlsbad Caverns National ParkNew MexicoNatural1995
Waterton Glacier International Peace ParkMontana, Glacier National ParkNatural1995shared with Canada
Monumental Earthworks of Poverty PointNorth LouisianaCultural2014
San Antonio MissionsTexasCultural2015
The 20th-Century Architecture of Frank Lloyd WrightChicago, Los Angeles, Madison (WI), Manhattan, Mill Run (PA), Oak Park (IL), Scottsdale (AZ), Spring Green (WI)Cultural2019



Australian Convict Sites Greater Blue Mountains Area Uluru-Kata Tjuta National Park

Official nameLocationCriteriaYearNotes
Australian Fossil Mammal Sites (Riversleigh / Naracoorte)Riversleigh, Queensland and Naracoorte, South AustraliaNatural1992
Australian Convict SitesNew South Wales, Norfolk Island, Tasmania and Western AustraliaCultural2010
Fraser IslandQueenslandNatural1992
Gondwana Rainforests of AustraliaQueensland and New South WalesNatural1986
Great Barrier ReefQueenslandNatural1981
Greater Blue Mountains AreaBlue MountainsNatural2000This includes Blue Mountains National Park, Wollemi National Park, Jenolan Caves and a few other parks.
Heard and McDonald IslandsHeard and McDonald IslandsNatural1997
Kakadu National ParkTop EndMixed1981
Lord Howe Island GroupLord Howe IslandNatural1982
Macquarie IslandTasmaniaNatural1997
Ningaloo ReefExmouth and Coral BayNatural2011
Purnululu National ParkKimberleyNatural2003
Royal Exhibition Building and Carlton GardensMelbourne/Inner northCultural2004
Shark BayGascoyneNatural1991
Sydney Opera HouseSydneyCultural2007
Tasmanian WildernessTasmaniaMixed1982
Uluṟu-Kata Tjuṯa National ParkNorthern TerritoryMixed1987
Wet Tropics of QueenslandQueenslandNatural1988
Willandra Lakes RegionNew South WalesMixed1981This includes Mungo National Park.
Budj Bim Cultural Landscape (Budj Bim National Park)South West Coast (Victoria)Cultural2019

Easter Island

Rapa Nui National Park

Official nameLocationCriteriaYearNotes
Rapa Nui National ParkEaster IslandCultural1995


Official nameLocationCriteriaYearNotes
Levuka Historical Port TownOvalauCultural2013

French Polynesia

Official nameLocationCriteriaYearNotes
TaputapuāteaRaiateaCultural2017Categorised as part of France


Hawaiian squirrelfish, Papahānaumokuākea

Official nameLocationCriteriaYearNotes
Hawaii Volcanoes National ParkBig IslandNatural1987
PapahanaumokuakeaNorthwestern Hawaiian Islands (past Niihau)Mixed2010


Official nameLocationCriteriaYearNotes
Phoenix Islands Protected AreaPhoenix IslandsNatural2010

Marshall Islands

Bikini Atoll Nuclear Test Site

Official nameLocationCriteriaYearNotes
Bikini Atoll Nuclear Test SiteRalikCultural2010

Micronesia, Federated States of

Official nameLocationCriteriaYearNotes
Nan Madol: Ceremonial Centre of Eastern MicronesiaPohnpeiCultural2016

New Caledonia

Official nameLocationCriteriaYearNotes
Lagoons of New CaledoniaNew CaledoniaNatural2008

New Zealand

Ruapehu in Tongariro National Park

Official nameLocationCriteriaYearNotes
Tongariro National ParkCentral North IslandMixed1990
Te WahipounamuSouth IslandNatural1990Includes: Aoraki Mount Cook National Park, Fiordland National Park, Mount Aspiring National Park and Westland/Tai Poutini National Park
New Zealand Sub-Antarctic IslandsOutlying islandsNatural1998


Diving at the Rock Islands, Palau

Official nameLocationCriteriaYearNotes
Rock Islands Southern LagoonMixed2012

Papua New Guinea

Official nameLocationCriteriaYearNotes
Kuk Early Agricultural SiteWestern HighlandsCultural2008

Pitcairn Islands

Official nameLocationCriteriaYearNotes
Henderson IslandPitcairn IslandsNatural1988

Solomon Islands

East Rennell

Official nameLocationCriteriaYearNotes
East RennellRennell and BellonaNatural1998in danger since 2012


Official nameLocationCriteriaYearNotes
Chief Roi Mata's DomainShefaCultural2008

South America


Los Glaciares National Park Ischigualasto Provincial Park, Argentina

Official nameLocationCriteriaYearNotes
Los Glaciares National ParkPatagonia, Santa CruzNatural1981
Jesuit Missions of the Guaranis: San Ignacio Mini, Santa Ana, Nuestra Señora de Loreto and Santa Maria Mayor (Argentina), Ruins of Sao Miguel das Missoes (Brazil)MisionesCultural1983shared with Brazil
Iguazu National ParkMisionesNatural1984
Cueva de las Manos, Rio PinturasSanta CruzCultural1999
Peninsula ValdesPatagonia, ChubutNatural1999
Ischigualasto/Talampaya Natural ParkSan Juan and La RiojaNatural2000
Jesuit Block and Estancias of CordobaPampas, CórdobaCultural2000
Quebrada de HumahuacaJujuyCultural2003
Qhapaq Ñan, Andean Road SystemCultural2014Shared with Bolivia, Chile, Colombia, Ecuador and Peru
The Architectural Work of Le Corbusier, an Outstanding Contribution to the Modern MovementLa PlataCultural201617 sites, shared with Belgium, France, Germany, India, Japan and Switzerland
Los Alerces National ParkChubutNatural2017


Tiwanaku, Bolivia

Official nameLocationCriteriaYearNotes
City of PotosíPotosíCultural1987
Jesuit Missions of the ChiquitosSanta CruzCultural1990
Historic city of SucreChuquisacaCultural1991
Fuerte de SamaipataSanta CruzCultural1998
Noel Kempff Mercado National ParkSanta CruzNatural2000
Tiwanaku: Spiritual and Political Centre of the Tiwanaku CultureLa PazCultural2000
Qhapaq Ñan, Andean Road SystemCultural2014Shared with Argentina, Chile, Colombia, Ecuador and Peru


Historic Town of Ouro Preto, Brazil](https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/e/ee/OuroPretoCamara-CCBYSA.jpg/440px-OuroPretoCamara-CCBYSA.jpg) Iguaçu National Park Rio de Janeiro

Official nameLocationCriteriaYearNotes
Historic Town of Ouro PretoMinas GeraisCultural1980
Historic Centre of the Town of OlindaPernambucoCultural1982
Jesuit Missions of the Guaranis: San Ignacio Mini, Santa Ana, Nuestra Señora de Loreto and Santa Maria Mayor (Argentina), Ruins of São Miguel das Missões (Brazil)Rio Grande do SulCultural1983shared with Argentina
Historic Centre of Salvador de BahiaBahiaCultural1985
Sanctuary of Bom Jesus de CongonhasMinas GeraisCultural1985
Iguaçu National ParkParanáNatural1986
BrasiliaDistrito Federal (Federal District)Cultural1987
Serra da Capivara National ParkPiauíCultural1991
Historic Centre of Sao LuisMaranhãoCultural1997
Atlantic Forest South-East ReservesParaná, São PauloNatural1999
Discovery Coast Atlantic Forest ReservesBahia, Espirito SantoNatural1999
Historic Centre of the town of DiamantinaMinas GeraisCultural1999
Central Amazon Conservation ComplexAmazonas, Jaú National ParkNatural2000
Pantanal Conservation AreaMato GrossoNatural2000
Brazilian Atlantic Islands: Fernando de Noronha and Atol das Rocas ReservesPernambuco, Rio Grande do NorteNatural2001
Cerrado Protected Areas: Chapada dos Veadeiros and Emas National ParkGoiásNatural2001
Historic Centre of the Town of GoiasGoiásCultural2001
São Francisco Square in the Town of São CristóvãoSergipeCultural2010
Rio de Janeiro, Carioca Landscapes between the Mountain and the SeaRio de JaneiroCultural2012
Pampulha Modern EnsembleBelo HorizonteCultural2016
Valongo Wharf Archaeological SiteRio de Janeiro/CentroCultural2017
Paraty and Ilha Grande – Culture and BiodiversityRio de JaneiroMixed2019
Sítio Roberto Burle MarxRio de Janeiro/Zona OesteCultural2021


Valparaiso's Historic Quarter

Official nameLocationCriteriaYearNotes
Rapa Nui National ParkEaster IslandCultural1995
Churches of ChiloeChiloé IslandCultural2000
Historic Quarter of the Seaport City of ValparaísoCentral ChileCultural2003
Humberstone and Santa Laura Saltpeter WorksNorthern Chile, Atacama DesertCultural2005in danger since 2005
Sewell Mining TownCentral ChileCultural2006
Qhapaq Ñan, Andean Road SystemCultural2014Shared with Argentina, Bolivia, Colombia, Ecuador and Peru
Settlement and Artificial Mummification of the Chinchorro Culture in the Arica and Parinacota RegionNorthern ChileCultural2021


Fort of Cartagena Coffee Cultural landscape of Colombia

Official nameLocationCriteriaYearNotes
Port, Fortresses and Group of Monuments, CartagenaCosta NorteCultural1984
Los Katios National ParkNatural1994in danger
Historic Centre of Santa Cruz de MompoxCosta NorteCultural1995
National Archaeological Park of TierradentroPacificaCultural1995
San Agustin Archaeological ParkAndinoCultural1995
Malpelo Fauna and Flora SanctuaryMalpelo IslandNatural2006
Coffee Cultural Landscape of Colombia(Pacifica and AndinoCultural2011
Qhapaq Ñan, Andean Road SystemCultural2014Shared with Argentina, Bolivia, Chile, Ecuador and Peru
Chiribiquete National Park – “The Maloca of the Jaguar”Amazonia (Colombia)Mixed2018


Giant Turtle, Galapagos Islands

Official nameLocationCriteriaYearNotes
City of QuitoAndean HighlandsCultural1978
Galápagos IslandsGalápagos IslandsNatural1978
Sangay National ParkAndean HighlandsNatural1983
Historic Centre of Santa Ana de los Rios de CuencaAndean HighlandsCultural1999
Qhapaq Ñan, Andean Road SystemCultural2014Shared with Argentina, Bolivia, Chile, Colombia and Peru


Official nameLocationCriteriaYearNotes
Jesuit Missions of La Santisima Trinidad de Paraná and Jesus de TavarangueTrinidad (Paraguay), EncarnaciónCultural1993


Machu Picchu Lines and Geoglyphs of Nazca

Official nameLocationCriteriaYearNotes
City of CuzcoSouthern SierraCultural1983
Historic Sanctuary of Machu PicchuSouthern SierraMixed1983
Chavin (Archaeological Site)Northern SierraCultural1985
Huascarán National ParkNorthern SierraNatural1985
Chan Chan Archaeological ZoneTrujilloCultural1986in danger
Manú National ParkMadre de DiosNatural1987
Historic Centre of LimaCentral CoastCultural1988
Río Abiseo National ParkSan MartínMixed1990
Lines and Geoglyphs of Nazca and Pampas de JumanaSouthern CoastCultural1994
Historical Centre of the City of ArequipaSouthern CoastCultural2000
Sacred City of Caral-SupeCentral CoastCultural2009
Qhapaq Ñan, Andean Road SystemInca trailCultural2014Shared with Argentina, Bolivia, Chile, Columbia and Ecuador
Chankillo Archaeoastronomical ComplexCasmaCultural2021


Official nameLocationCriteriaYearNotes
Central Suriname Nature ReserveSurinamese RainforestNatural2000
Historic Inner City of ParamariboSurinamese East CoastCultural2002


Historic Quarter of Colonia del Sacramento

Official nameLocationCriteriaYearNotes
Historic Quarter of the City of Colonia del SacramentoRio de la PlataCultural1995
Fray Bentos Cultural Industrial LandscapeRio de la PlataCultural2015
The work of engineer Eladio Dieste: Church of AtlántidaRio de la PlataCultural2021


Official nameLocationCriteriaYearNotes
Coro and its PortNorthwestCultural1993in danger
Canaima National ParkGuayanaNatural1994
Ciudad Universitaria de CaracasCentralCultural2000

Delisted sites

Waldschlösschen Bridge The process of delisting a site is a lengthy political endeavor. Mere continued existence of a UNESCO listing should not be taken as evidence the underlying site (or its landmark heritage) still exists. UNESCO's World Heritage Committee updates a list of endangered sites annually (see List of World Heritage in Danger on Wikipedia) as a political tool to pressure individual countries to take specific conservation measures or to refrain from certain actions that are seen as endangering the world heritage site. Sites such as Hatra in Iraq and Palmyra in Syria remain listed as UNESCO World Heritage (and as World Heritage in Danger) in 2017, even though warring belligerents have largely obliterated anything of historic value. Conversely, Taiwan is denied UN recognition on entirely political grounds and has no UNESCO world heritage listings, despite the existence of eleven sites which would otherwise be suitable candidates.

In some cases, a UNESCO listing has irrevocably harmed a site. The term UNESCO-cide, coined by Italian writer Marco d'Eramo, describes a pattern where listing a tiny fishing village or historic community to protect the buildings from developers creates an unsustainable influx of travellers. As gentrification and hyper-commercialisation price the original people and their subsistence fishery out of the community, existing structures are repurposed as travel lodging or tacky souvenir shops. UNESCO pays lip service to sustainable travel, but tends to underestimate its own impact on tiny, vulnerable communities. Conversely, some listings of UNESCO sites as "in danger" are arguably political responses to actions or non-actions of local authorities which are hardly capable of destroying or seriously endangering the site.

A majority vote of the World Heritage Committee at a UNESCO meeting may be used to revoke a landmark's status as a World Heritage Site. This has happened three times:

The following are sites that were once registered World Heritage Sites but have since been taken off the list:

Official nameLocationCriteriaYearReason for delisting
Arabian Oryx SanctuaryOmanNatural1994 - 2007The sanctuary was reduced in size by 90%.
Dresden Elbe ValleyGermanyCultural2004 - 2009The Waldschlösschen road bridge was constructed through it.
Liverpool – Maritime Mercantile CityUnited KingdomCultural2004-2021Large new buildings were constructed on the waterfront.

Related: UNESCO Creative Cities

Related: UNESCO Intangible Cultural Heritage

Related: United Nations